# Difference between revisions of "2006 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 21"

## Problem

How many four-digit positive integers have at least one digit that is a 2 or a 3? $\mathrm{(A) \ } 2439\qquad\mathrm{(B) \ } 4096\qquad\mathrm{(C) \ } 4903\qquad\mathrm{(D) \ } 4904\qquad\mathrm{(E) \ } 5416\qquad$

## Solution (Complementary Counting)

Since we are asked for the number of positive 4-digit integers with at least 2 or 3 in it, we can find this by finding the total number of 4-digit integers and subtracting off those which do not have any 2s or 3s as digits.

The total number of 4-digit integers is $9 \cdot 10 \cdot 10 \cdot 10 = 9000$, since we have 10 choices for each digit except the first (which can't be 0).

Similarly, the total number of 4-digit integers without any 2 or 3 is $7 \cdot 8 \cdot 8 \cdot 8 ={3584}$.

Therefore, the total number of positive 4-digit integers that have at least one 2 or 3 in their decimal representation is $9000-3584=\boxed{5416} \Longrightarrow \mathrm{(E)}$

## See also

 2006 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 20 Followed byProblem 22 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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