Difference between revisions of "2006 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 15"

 
(Added problem and solution)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
== Problem ==
 
== Problem ==
 +
Rhombus <math>ABCD</math> is similar to rhombus <math>BFDE</math>. The area of rhombus <math>ABCD</math> is <math>24</math> and <math> \angle BAD = 60^\circ </math>. What is the area of rhombus <math>BFDE</math>?
 +
 +
[[Image:2006amc10b15.gif]]
 +
 +
<math> \mathrm{(A) \ } 6\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 4\sqrt{3}\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 8\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 9\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 6\sqrt{3} </math>
 +
 
== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
 +
Using properties of a [[rhombus]]:
 +
 +
<math> \angle DAB = \angle DCB = 60 ^\circ </math>.
 +
 +
<math> \angle ADC = \angle ABC = 120 ^\circ </math>.
 +
 +
It is easy to see that rhombus <math>ABCD</math> is made up of equilateral triangles <math>DAB</math> and <math>DCB</math>.
 +
 +
Let the lengths of the sides of rhombus <math>ABCD</math> be <math>s</math>.
 +
 +
The longer diagonal of rhombus <math>BFDE</math> is <math>BD</math>. Since <math>BD</math> is a side of an equilateral triangle with a side length of <math>s</math>, <math> BD = s </math>.
 +
 +
The longer diagonal of rhombus <math>ABCD</math> is <math>AC</math>. Since <math>AC</math> is twice the length of an altitude of of an equilateral triangle with a side length of <math>s</math>, <math> AC = 2 \cdot \frac{s\sqrt{3}}{2} = s\sqrt{3} </math>
 +
 +
The ratio of the longer diagonal of rhombus <math>BFDE</math> to rhombus <math>ABCD</math> is <math> \frac{s}{s\sqrt{3}} = \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} </math>
 +
 +
Therefore, the ratio of the area of rhombus <math>BFDE</math> to rhombus <math>ABCD</math> is <math> \left( \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} \right) ^2 = \frac{1}{3} </math>
 +
 +
Let <math>x</math> be the area of rhombus <math>BFDE</math>.
 +
 +
<math> \frac{x}{24} = \frac{1}{3} </math>
 +
 +
<math> x = 8 \Rightarrow C </math>
 +
 
== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==
 
*[[2006 AMC 10B Problems]]
 
*[[2006 AMC 10B Problems]]

Revision as of 15:24, 19 July 2006

Problem

Rhombus $ABCD$ is similar to rhombus $BFDE$. The area of rhombus $ABCD$ is $24$ and $\angle BAD = 60^\circ$. What is the area of rhombus $BFDE$?

2006amc10b15.gif

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 6\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 4\sqrt{3}\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 8\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 9\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 6\sqrt{3}$

Solution

Using properties of a rhombus:

$\angle DAB = \angle DCB = 60 ^\circ$.

$\angle ADC = \angle ABC = 120 ^\circ$.

It is easy to see that rhombus $ABCD$ is made up of equilateral triangles $DAB$ and $DCB$.

Let the lengths of the sides of rhombus $ABCD$ be $s$.

The longer diagonal of rhombus $BFDE$ is $BD$. Since $BD$ is a side of an equilateral triangle with a side length of $s$, $BD = s$.

The longer diagonal of rhombus $ABCD$ is $AC$. Since $AC$ is twice the length of an altitude of of an equilateral triangle with a side length of $s$, $AC = 2 \cdot \frac{s\sqrt{3}}{2} = s\sqrt{3}$

The ratio of the longer diagonal of rhombus $BFDE$ to rhombus $ABCD$ is $\frac{s}{s\sqrt{3}} = \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$

Therefore, the ratio of the area of rhombus $BFDE$ to rhombus $ABCD$ is $\left( \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} \right) ^2 = \frac{1}{3}$

Let $x$ be the area of rhombus $BFDE$.

$\frac{x}{24} = \frac{1}{3}$

$x = 8 \Rightarrow C$

See Also

Invalid username
Login to AoPS