Difference between revisions of "2006 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 25"

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== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
{{AMC10 box|year=2006|ab=B|num-b=24|after=Last question}}
 
{{AMC10 box|year=2006|ab=B|num-b=24|after=Last question}}
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{{AMC12 box|year=2006|ab=B|num-b=18|num-a=20}}
  
 
[[Category:Introductory Number Theory Problems]]
 
[[Category:Introductory Number Theory Problems]]

Revision as of 18:44, 16 February 2013

Problem

Mr. Jones has eight children of different ages. On a family trip his oldest child, who is 9, spots a license plate with a 4-digit number in which each of two digits appears two times. "Look, daddy!" she exclaims. "That number is evenly divisible by the age of each of us kids!" "That's right," replies Mr. Jones, "and the last two digits just happen to be my age." Which of the following is not the age of one of Mr. Jones's children?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 4\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 5\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 6\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 7\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 8$

Solution

Let $S$ be the set of the ages of Mr. Jones' children (in other words $i \in S$ if Mr. Jones has a child who is $i$ years old). Then $|S| = 8$ and $9 \in S$. Let $m$ be the positive integer seen on the license plate. Since at least one of $4$ or $8$ is contained in $S$, we have $4 | m$.

We would like to prove that $5 \not\in S$, so for the sake of contradiction, let us suppose that $5 \in S$. Then $5\cdot 4 = 20 | m$ so the units digit of $m$ is $0$. Since the number has two distinct digits, each appearing twice, another digit of $m$ must be $0$. Since Mr. Jones can't be $00$ years old, the last two digits can't be $00$. Therefore $m$ must be of the form $d0d0$, where $d$ is a digit. Since $m$ is divisible by $9$, the sum of the digits of $m$ must be divisible by $9$ (see Divisibility rules for 9). Hence $9 | 2d$ which implies $d = 9$. But $m = 9090$ is not divisible by $4$, contradiction. So $5 \not\in S$ and $5$ is not the age of one of Mr. Jones' kids. $\boxed{ B }$

(We might like to check that there does, indeed, exist such a positive integer $m$. If $5$ is not an age of one of Mr. Jones' kids, then the license plate number must be a multiple of $lcm(1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9) = 504$. Since $11\cdot504 = 5544$ and $5544$ is the only $4$ digit multiple of $504$ that fits all the conditions of the license plate's number, the license plate's number is $5544$.)

See also

2006 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 24
Followed by
Last question
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2006 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
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