# Difference between revisions of "2006 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 25"

Ragnarok23 (talk | contribs) |
(Added problem and solution) |
||

Line 1: | Line 1: | ||

== Problem == | == Problem == | ||

+ | Mr. Jones has eight children of different ages. On a family trip his oldest child, who is 9, spots a license plate with a 4-digit number in which each of two digits appears two times. "Look, daddy!" she exclaims. "That number is evenly divisible by the age of each of us kids!" "That's right," replies Mr. Jones, "and the last two digits just happen to be my age." Which of the following is <b><i>not</i></b> the age of one of Mr. Jones's children? | ||

+ | |||

+ | <math> \mathrm{(A) \ } 4\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 5\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 6\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 7\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 8 </math> | ||

+ | |||

== Solution == | == Solution == | ||

+ | Since all the children have different ages, and the oldest child is <math>9</math>, only <math>1</math> of the numbers between <math>1</math> and <math>8</math> inclusive cannot be the age of a child. | ||

+ | |||

+ | To be evenly divisible by the age of all the kids, the license plate number must be a multiple of the [[least common multiple]] of the ages of all the kids. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since being divisible by <math>5</math> restricts the possibilities of the digits in the number, let's analyze the possibilities of license plate numbers if one of Mr. Jones's kids is <math>5</math> years old. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since the age of one of Mr. Jones's kids must be an even number, the number must be divisible by <math>10</math>. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since the number is divisible by <math>10</math>, the units digit must be <math>0</math> | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since the number has two distinct digits, each appearing twice, another digit must be <math>0</math> | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since Mr. Jones can't be <math>00</math> years old, the last two digits can't be <math>00</math> | ||

+ | |||

+ | Therefore, the number must be in the form <math>d0d0</math>, where <math>d</math> is a digit. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since the oldest child is <math>9</math>, the number must be divisible by <math>9</math>. | ||

+ | |||

+ | By [[divisibility rules]], the sum of the digits must be a multiple of <math>9</math> | ||

+ | |||

+ | <math> 2d \equiv 0\bmod{9} </math> | ||

+ | |||

+ | <math> d = 0 </math> or <math> d = 9 </math> | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since the number has two distinct digits, <math>d</math> can't be <math>0</math>. | ||

+ | |||

+ | So <math> d = 9 </math>, and the only possible number is <math>9090</math>. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since either <math>4</math> or <math>8</math> is one of the kids' ages, the number must be divisible by <math>4</math>. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since <math>9090</math> is not divisible by <math>4</math>, it is not a possible number. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Therefore, there are no possible license plate numbers if <math>5</math> is an age of one of Mr. Jones's kids. So <math>5</math> can't be the age of one of Mr. Jones's kids. | ||

+ | |||

+ | If <math>5</math> is not an age of one of Mr. Jones's kids, then the license plate number must be a multiple of <math> lcm(1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9) = 504 </math>. | ||

+ | |||

+ | Since <math>11\cdot504 = 5544</math> and <math>5544</math> is the only <math>4</math> digit multiple of <math>504</math> that fits all the conditions of the license plate's number, the license plate's number is <math>5544</math> and the number that is not an age of one of Mr. Jones's kids is <math> 5 \Rightarrow B </math> | ||

+ | |||

== See Also == | == See Also == | ||

*[[2006 AMC 10B Problems]] | *[[2006 AMC 10B Problems]] |

## Revision as of 23:48, 18 July 2006

## Problem

Mr. Jones has eight children of different ages. On a family trip his oldest child, who is 9, spots a license plate with a 4-digit number in which each of two digits appears two times. "Look, daddy!" she exclaims. "That number is evenly divisible by the age of each of us kids!" "That's right," replies Mr. Jones, "and the last two digits just happen to be my age." Which of the following is ** not** the age of one of Mr. Jones's children?

## Solution

Since all the children have different ages, and the oldest child is , only of the numbers between and inclusive cannot be the age of a child.

To be evenly divisible by the age of all the kids, the license plate number must be a multiple of the least common multiple of the ages of all the kids.

Since being divisible by restricts the possibilities of the digits in the number, let's analyze the possibilities of license plate numbers if one of Mr. Jones's kids is years old.

Since the age of one of Mr. Jones's kids must be an even number, the number must be divisible by .

Since the number is divisible by , the units digit must be

Since the number has two distinct digits, each appearing twice, another digit must be

Since Mr. Jones can't be years old, the last two digits can't be

Therefore, the number must be in the form , where is a digit.

Since the oldest child is , the number must be divisible by .

By divisibility rules, the sum of the digits must be a multiple of

or

Since the number has two distinct digits, can't be .

So , and the only possible number is .

Since either or is one of the kids' ages, the number must be divisible by .

Since is not divisible by , it is not a possible number.

Therefore, there are no possible license plate numbers if is an age of one of Mr. Jones's kids. So can't be the age of one of Mr. Jones's kids.

If is not an age of one of Mr. Jones's kids, then the license plate number must be a multiple of .

Since and is the only digit multiple of that fits all the conditions of the license plate's number, the license plate's number is and the number that is not an age of one of Mr. Jones's kids is