# 2006 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 6

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## Problem

A region is bounded by semicircular arcs constructed on the side of a square whose sides measure $\frac{2}{\pi}$, as shown. What is the perimeter of this region?

$[asy] size(90); defaultpen(linewidth(0.7)); filldraw((0,0)--(2,0)--(2,2)--(0,2)--cycle,gray(0.5)); filldraw(arc((1,0),1,180,0, CCW)--cycle,gray(0.7)); filldraw(arc((0,1),1,90,270)--cycle,gray(0.7)); filldraw(arc((1,2),1,0,180)--cycle,gray(0.7)); filldraw(arc((2,1),1,270,90, CCW)--cycle,gray(0.7)); [/asy]$

$\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{4}{\pi}\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 2\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{8}{\pi}\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 4\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } \frac{16}{\pi}$

## Solution

Since the side of the square is the diameter of the semicircle, the radius of the semicircle is $\frac{1}{2}\cdot\frac{2}{\pi}=\frac{1}{\pi}$.

Since the length of one of the semicircular arcs is half the circumference of the corresponding circle, the length of one arc is $\frac{1}{2}\cdot2\cdot\pi\cdot\frac{1}{\pi}=1$.

Since the desired perimeter is made up of four of these arcs, the perimeter is $4\cdot1=4\Longrightarrow \boxed{\mathrm{(D)}}$.

## See Also

 2006 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 5 Followed byProblem 7 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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