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2006 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 16

Problem

Regular hexagon $ABCDEF$ has vertices $A$ and $C$ at $(0,0)$ and $(7,1)$, respectively. What is its area? $\mathrm{(A)}\ 20\sqrt {3} \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ 22\sqrt {3} \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ 25\sqrt {3} \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 27\sqrt {3} \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ 50$

Solution

To find the area of the regular hexagon, we only need to calculate the side length. a distance of $\sqrt{7^2+1^2} = \sqrt{50} = 5\sqrt{2}$ apart. Half of this distance is the length of the longer leg of the right triangles. Therefore, the side length of the hexagon is $\frac{5\sqrt{2}}{2}\cdot\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\cdot2 = \frac{5\sqrt{6}}{3}$.

The apothem is thus $\frac{1}{2}\cdot\frac{5\sqrt{6}}{3}\cdot\sqrt{3} = \frac{5\sqrt{2}}{2}$, yielding an area of $\frac{1}{2}\cdot10\sqrt{6}\cdot\frac{5\sqrt{2}}{2}=25\sqrt{3}$.

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