# Difference between revisions of "2006 Cyprus MO/Lyceum/Problems"

## Problem 1

A diary industry, in a quantity of milk with $4\%$ fat adds a quantity of milk with $1\%$ fat and produces $1200$kg of milk with $2\%$ fat. The quantity of milk with $1\%$ fat, that was added is (in kg)

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 1000\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 600\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 800\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 120\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 480$

## Problem 2

The operation $\alpha*\beta$ is defined by $\alpha*\beta=\alpha^2-\beta^2\ \forall\alpha,\beta\in\mathbb{R}$. The value of the expression $K=\left[\left(1+\sqrt{3}\right)*2\right]*\sqrt{2}$ is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 3\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 0\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ \sqrt{3}\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 9\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 1$

## Problem 3

The domain of the function $f(x)=\sqrt{4+2x}$ is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ (-2,+\infty)\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ [0,+\infty)\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ [-2,+\infty)\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ [-2,0]\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \mathbb{R}$

## Problem 4

Given the function $f(x)=\alpha x^2 +9x+ \frac{81}{4\alpha}$ , $\alpha \neq 0$ Which of the following is correct, about the graph of $f$?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ \text{intersects x-axis}\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ \text{touches y-axis}\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ \text{touches x-axis}\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ \text{has minimum point}\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \text{has maximum point}$

## Problem 5

If both integers $\alpha,\beta$ are bigger than 1 and satisfy $a^7=b^8$, then the minimum value of $\alpha+\beta$ is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 384\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 2\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 15\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 56\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 512$

## Problem 6

The value of the expression $K=\sqrt{19+8\sqrt{3}}-\sqrt{7+4\sqrt{3}}$ is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 4\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 4\sqrt{3}\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 12+4\sqrt{3}\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ -2\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 2$

## Problem 7

In the figure, $AB\Gamma$ is an equilateral triangle and $A\Delta \perp B\Gamma$, $\Delta E\perp A\Gamma$, $EZ\perp B\Gamma$. If $EZ=\sqrt{3}$, then the length of the side of the triangle $AB\Gamma$ is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ \frac{3\sqrt{3}}{2}\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 8\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 4\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 3\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 9$

## Problem 8

In the figure $AB\Gamma \Delta E$ is a regular 5-sided polygon and $Z$, $H$, $\Theta$, $I$, $K$ are the points of intersections of the extensions of the sides. If the area of the "star" $AHB\Theta \Gamma I\Delta KEZA$ is 1, then the area of the shaded quadrilateral $A\Gamma IZ$ is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ \frac{2}{3}\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ \frac{3}{7}\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ \frac{3}{10}\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \text{None of these}$

## Problem 9

If $x=\sqrt[3]{4}$ and $y=\sqrt[3]{6}-\sqrt[3]{3}$, then which of the following is correct?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ x=y\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ x2y\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \text{None of these}$

## Problem 10

If $2^x=15$ and $15^y=256$, then the product $xy$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 7\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 3\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 1\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 8\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 6$

## Problem 11

The lines $(\epsilon):x-2y=0$ and $(\delta):x+y=4$ intersect at the point $\Gamma$. If the line $(\delta)$ intersects the axes $Ox$ and $Oy$ to the points $A$ and $B$ respectively, then the ratio of the area of the triangle $OA\Gamma$ to the area of the triangle $OB\Gamma$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)}\ \frac{1}{3}\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ \frac{2}{3}\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ \frac{3}{5}\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \frac{4}{9}$

## Problem 12

If $f(\alpha,\beta)= \begin{cases}\alpha & \textrm {if} \qquad \alpha=\beta \\ f(\alpha-\beta,\beta) & \textrm {if} \qquad \alpha>\beta \\ f(\beta-\alpha,\alpha) & \textrm {if} \qquad \alpha<\beta \end{cases}$

then $f(28,17)$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 8\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 0\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 11\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 5\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 1$

## Problem 13

The sum of the digits of the number $10^{2006}-2006$ is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 18006\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 20060\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 2006\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 18047\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \text{None of these}$

## Problem 14

The rectangle $AB\Gamma \Delta$ is a small garden divided to the rectangle $AZE\Delta$ and to the square $ZB\Gamma E$, so that $AE=2\sqrt{5}\ \text{m}$ and the shaded area of the triangle $\Delta BE$ is $4\ \text{m}^2$. The area of the whole garden is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 24\ \text{m}^2\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 20\ \text{m}^2\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 16\ \text{m}^2\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 32\ \text{m}^2\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 10\sqrt{5}\ \text{m}^2$

## Problem 15

The expression $\frac{1}{2+\sqrt7} + \frac{1}{\sqrt7+\sqrt{10}}+ \frac{1}{\sqrt{10}+\sqrt{13}} + \frac{1}{\sqrt{13}+4}$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)}\ \frac{3}{4}\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ \frac{3}{2}\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ \frac{2}{5}\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \frac{2}{3}$

## Problem 16

If $x_1,x_2$ are the roots of the equation $x^2-2kx+2m=0$, then $\frac{1}{x_1},\frac{1}{x_2}$ are the roots of the equation

$\mathrm{(A)}\ x^2-2k^2x+2m^2=0\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ x^2-\frac{k}{m}x+\frac{1}{2m}=0\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ x^2-\frac{m}{k}x+\frac{1}{2m}=0\\ \mathrm{(D)}\ 2mx^2-kx+1=0\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 2kx^2-2mx+1=0$

## Problem 17

$AB\Gamma$ is equilateral triangle of side $\alpha$ and $A\Delta=BE=\frac{\alpha}{3}$. The measure of the angle $\ang \Gamma PE$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.) is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 60^\circ\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 50^\circ\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 40^\circ\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 45^\circ\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 70^\circ$

## Problem 18

$K(k,0)$ is the minimum point of the parabola and the parabola intersects the y-axis at the point $\Gamma (0,k)$. If the area if the rectangle $OAB\Gamma$ is $8$, then the equation of the parabola is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ y=\frac{1}{2}(x+2)^2\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ y=\frac{1}{2}(x-2)^2\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ y=x^2+2\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ y=x^2-2x+1\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ y=x^2-4x+4$

## Problem 19

In the figure, $AB\Gamma$ is an isosceles triangle with$AB=A\Gamma=\sqrt2$ and $\ang A=45^\circ$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.). If $B\Delta$ is an altitude of the triangle and the sector $B\Lambda \Delta KB$ belongs to the circle $(B,B\Delta )$, the area of the shaded region is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ \frac{4\sqrt3-\pi}{6}\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 4\left(\sqrt2-\frac{\pi}{3}\right)\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ \frac{8\sqrt2-3\pi}{16}\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ \frac{\pi}{8}\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \text{None of these}$

## Problem 20

The sequence $f:N \to R$ satisfies $f(n)=f(n-1)-f(n-2),\forall n\geq 3$. Given that $f(1)=f(2)=1$, then $f(3n)$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 3\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ -3\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 2\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 1\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 0$

## Problem 21

A convex polygon has $n$ sides and $740$ diagonals. Then $n$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 30\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 40\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 50\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 60\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \text{None of these}$

## Problem 22

$AB\Gamma \Delta$ is rectangular and the points $K,\Lambda ,M,N$ lie on the sides $AB, B\Gamma , \Gamma \Delta, \Delta A$ respectively so that $\frac{AK}{KB}=\frac{BL}{L\Gamma}=\frac{\Gamma M}{M\Delta}=\frac{\Delta N}{NA}=2$. If $E_1$ is the area of $K\Lambda MN$ and $E_2$ is the area of the rectangle $AB\Gamma \Delta$, the ratio $\frac{E_1}{E_2}$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)}\ \frac{5}{9}\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ \frac{1}{3}\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ \frac{9}{5}\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ \frac{3}{5}\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \text{None of these}$

## Problem 23

Of $21$ students taking Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, no student takes one subject only. The number of students taking Mathematics and Chemistry only, equals to four times the number taking Mathematics and Physics only. If the number of students taking Physics and Chemistry only equals to three times the number of students taking all three subjects, then the number of students taking all three subjects is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 0\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 5\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 2\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 4\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 1$

## Problem 24

The number of divisors of the number $2006$ is

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 3\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 4\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 8\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 5\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 6$