2006 USAMO Problems/Problem 5

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Problem

A mathematical frog jumps along the number line. The frog starts at $1$, and jumps according to the following rule: if the frog is at integer $n$, then it can jump either to $n+1$ or to $n+2^{m_n+1}$ where $2^{m_n}$ is the largest power of $2$ that is a factor of $n$. Show that if $k\ge 2$ is a positive integer and $i$ is a nonnegative integer, then the minimum number of jumps needed to reach $2^ik$ is greater than the minimum number of jumps needed to reach $2^i.$

Solution

See Also

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