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# Computer Science > Discrete Mathematics

# Title: Graph type expressivity and transformations

(Submitted on 22 Sep 2021)

Abstract: Graph representations have gained importance in almost every scientific field, ranging from mathematics, biology, social sciences and physics to computer science. In contrast to other data formats, graphs propose the possibility to model relations between entities. Together with the continuously rising amount of available data, graphs therefore open up a wide range of modeling capabilities for theoretical and real-world problems. However, the modeling possibilities of graphs have not been fully exploited. One reason for this is that there is neither an easily comprehensible overview of graph types nor an analysis of their modeling capacities available. As a result, neither the potential of modeling with certain graph types is exhausted nor higher modeling freedom and more efficient computing of graphs after transformation to another graph type is in scope of view of many users. In order to clarify the modeling possibilities of graphs, we order the different graph types, collate their memory complexity and provide an expressivity measure on them. Furthermore, we introduce transformation algorithms between the graph types from which equal expressivity of all graph types can be inferred, i.e., they are able to represent the same information or properties respectively. Finally, we provide a guideline for the question when a graph type transformation is efficient by defining a cost function dependend on the memory complexity and the transformation runtime as a decision-making tool.

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