Difference between revisions of "2007 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 15"

Problem

Four circles of radius $1$ are each tangent to two sides of a square and externally tangent to a circle of radius $2$, as shown. What is the area of the square?

$\text{(A)}\ 32 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 22 + 12\sqrt {2}\qquad \text{(C)}\ 16 + 16\sqrt {3}\qquad \text{(D)}\ 48 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 36 + 16\sqrt {2}$

Solution

The diagonal has length $\sqrt{2}+1+2+2+1+\sqrt{2}=6+2\sqrt{2}$. Therefore the sides have length $2+3\sqrt{2}$, and the area is

$$A=(2+3\sqrt{2})^2=4+6\sqrt{2}+6\sqrt{2}+18=22+12\sqrt{2} \Rightarrow \text{(B)}$$