2007 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 16

Revision as of 15:33, 20 September 2007 by Azjps (talk | contribs) (Problems: fix)

Problems

How many three-digit numbers are composed of three distinct digits such that one digit is the average of the other two?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 96\qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ 104\qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ 112\qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 120\qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ 256$

Solution

We can find the number of increasing arithmetic sequences of length 3 possible from 0 to 9, and then find all the possible permutations of these sequences.

Common difference Sequences possible Number of sequences
1 $012, \ldots, 789$ 8
2 $024, \ldots, 579$ 6
3 $036, \ldots, 369$ 4
4 $048, \ldots, 159$ 2

This gives us a total of $2 + 4 + 6 + 8 = 20$ sequences. There are $3! = 6$ to permute these, for a total of $120$.

However, we note that the conditions of the problem require two digit numbers, and hence our numbers cannot start with zero. There are $2! \cdot 4 = 8$ numbers which start with zero, so our answer is $120 - 8 = 112 \Longrightarrow \mathrm{(C)}$.

See also

2007 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 15
Followed by
Problem 17
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All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
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