2007 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 19
From , we have that the height of is . Thus lies on the lines .
using 45-45-90 triangles, so in we have that . The slope of is , so the equation of the line is . The point lies on one of two parallel lines that are units away from . Now take an arbitrary point on the line and draw the perpendicular to one of the parallel lines; then draw a line straight down from the same arbitrary point. These form a 45-45-90 , so the straight line down has a length of . Now we note that the y-intercept of the parallel lines is either units above or below the y-intercept of line ; hence the equation of the parallel lines is .
We just need to find the intersections of these two lines and sum up the values of the x-coordinates. Substituting the into , we get .
We are finding the intersection of two pairs of parallel lines, which will form a parallelogram. The centroid of this parallelogram is just the intersection of and , which can easily be calculated to be . Now the sum of the x-coordinates is just .
Solution 3 (Bashing but very straightforward)
After we compute that the y-value can be either and realize there are four total values (each pair being equally spaced on their respective y-lines of ), we can use an easy application of the Shoelace Theorem to figure out the values of X. Since we already know the two distances (positive y and negative y) will be the same, then we can simply plug in y=18, compute the sum of the two corresponding x-values and multiply it by two to get our answer which is
Solution 4 (intense bashing, similiar to Solution 3)
We can use the shoelace theorem to first find that the y-coordinate of can be or . Then we can apply shoelace again to find the possible x-coordinates, namely , , , and . Adding these up, we get .
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