2007 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 19
Problem
Triangles and have areas and respectively, with and What is the sum of all possible x-coordinates of ?
Solution
Solution 1
From , we have that the height of is . Thus lies on the lines .
using 45-45-90 triangles, so in we have that . The slope of is , so the equation of the line is . The point lies on one of two parallel lines that are units away from . Now take an arbitrary point on the line and draw the perpendicular to one of the parallel lines; then draw a line straight down from the same arbitrary point. These form a 45-45-90 , so the straight line down has a length of . Now we note that the y-intercept of the parallel lines is either units above or below the y-intercept of line ; hence the equation of the parallel lines is .
We just need to find the intersections of these two lines and sum up the values of the x-coordinates. Substituting the into , we get .
Solution 2
We are finding the intersection of two pairs of parallel lines, which will form a parallelogram. The centroid of this parallelogram is just the intersection of and , which can easily be calculated to be . Now the sum of the x-coordinates is just .
See also
2007 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 18 |
Followed by Problem 20 |
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