Difference between revisions of "2007 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 20"
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==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||
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Thus <math>3|d</math>, and we verify that <math>d = 3</math>, <math>a-b = 2 \Longrightarrow a = 3, b = 1</math> will give us a minimum value for <math>a+b+c+d</math>. Then <math>a+b+c+d = 3 + 1 + 9 + 3 = 16\ \mathbf{(D)}</math>. | Thus <math>3|d</math>, and we verify that <math>d = 3</math>, <math>a-b = 2 \Longrightarrow a = 3, b = 1</math> will give us a minimum value for <math>a+b+c+d</math>. Then <math>a+b+c+d = 3 + 1 + 9 + 3 = 16\ \mathbf{(D)}</math>. | ||
==Solution 2== | ==Solution 2== | ||
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The key to this solution is that area is invariant under translation. By suitably shifting the plane, the problem is mapped to the lines <math>c,d,(b-a)x+c,(b-a)x+d</math> and <math>c,-d,(b-a)x+c,(b-a)x-d</math>. Now, the area of the parallelogram contained by is the former is equal to the area of a rectangle with sides <math>d-c</math> and <math>\frac{d-c}{b-a}</math>, <math>\frac{(d-c)^2}{b-a}=18</math>, and the area contained by the latter is <math>\frac{(c+d)^2}{b-a}=72</math>. Thus, <math>d=3c</math> and <math>b-a</math> must be even if the former quantity is to equal <math>18</math>. <math>c^2=18(b-a)</math> so <math>c</math> is a multiple of <math>3</math>. Putting this all together, the minimal solution for <math>(a,b,c,d)=(3,1,3,9)</math>, so the sum is <math> \boxed{\textbf{(D)} 16} </math>. | The key to this solution is that area is invariant under translation. By suitably shifting the plane, the problem is mapped to the lines <math>c,d,(b-a)x+c,(b-a)x+d</math> and <math>c,-d,(b-a)x+c,(b-a)x-d</math>. Now, the area of the parallelogram contained by is the former is equal to the area of a rectangle with sides <math>d-c</math> and <math>\frac{d-c}{b-a}</math>, <math>\frac{(d-c)^2}{b-a}=18</math>, and the area contained by the latter is <math>\frac{(c+d)^2}{b-a}=72</math>. Thus, <math>d=3c</math> and <math>b-a</math> must be even if the former quantity is to equal <math>18</math>. <math>c^2=18(b-a)</math> so <math>c</math> is a multiple of <math>3</math>. Putting this all together, the minimal solution for <math>(a,b,c,d)=(3,1,3,9)</math>, so the sum is <math> \boxed{\textbf{(D)} 16} </math>. | ||
Revision as of 15:54, 1 December 2015
Contents
Problem
The parallelogram bounded by the lines , , , and has area . The parallelogram bounded by the lines , , , and has area . Given that , , , and are positive integers, what is the smallest possible value of ?
Solution
This article is a stub. Help us out by expanding it.
Plotting the parallelogram on the coordinate plane, the 4 corners are at . Because , we have that or that , which gives (consider a homothety, or dilation, that carries the first parallelogram to the second parallelogram; because the area increases by , it follows that the stretch along the diagonal, or the ratio of side lengths, is ). The area of triangular half of the parallelogram on the right side of the y-axis is given by , so substituting :
Thus , and we verify that , will give us a minimum value for . Then .
Solution 2
This article is a stub. Help us out by expanding it.
The key to this solution is that area is invariant under translation. By suitably shifting the plane, the problem is mapped to the lines and . Now, the area of the parallelogram contained by is the former is equal to the area of a rectangle with sides and , , and the area contained by the latter is . Thus, and must be even if the former quantity is to equal . so is a multiple of . Putting this all together, the minimal solution for , so the sum is .
See also
2007 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 19 |
Followed by Problem 21 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.