# 2007 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 23

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## Problem

How many non-congruent right triangles with positive integer leg lengths have areas that are numerically equal to $3$ times their perimeters?

$\mathrm {(A)} 6\qquad \mathrm {(B)} 7\qquad \mathrm {(C)} 8\qquad \mathrm {(D)} 10\qquad \mathrm {(E)} 12$

## Solution 1

Let $a$ and $b$ be the two legs of the triangle.

We have $\frac{1}{2}ab = 3(a+b+c)$.

Then $ab=6 \left(a+b+\sqrt {a^2 + b^2}\right)$.

We can complete the square under the root, and we get, $ab=6 \left(a+b+\sqrt {(a+b)^2 - 2ab}\right)$.

Let $ab=p$ and $a+b=s$, we have $p=6 \left(s+ \sqrt {s^2 - 2p}\right)$.

After rearranging, squaring both sides, and simplifying, we have $p=12s-72$.

Putting back $a$ and $b$, and after factoring using Simon's Favorite Factoring Trick, we've got $(a-12)(b-12)=72$.

Factoring 72, we get 6 pairs of $a$ and $b$

$(13, 84), (14, 48), (15, 36), (16, 30), (18, 24), (20, 21).$

And this gives us $6$ solutions $\Rightarrow \mathrm{(A)}$.

Alternatively, note that $72 = 2^3 \cdot 3^2$. Then 72 has $(3+1)(2+1) = (4)(3) = 12$ factors. However, half of these are repeats, so we have $\frac{12}{2} = 6$ solutions.

## Solution 2

We will proceed by using the fact that $[ABC] = r\cdot s$, where $r$ is the radius of the incircle and $s$ is the semiperimeter $\left(s = \frac{p}{2}\right)$.

We are given $[ABC] = 3p = 6s \Rightarrow rs = 6s \Rightarrow r = 6$.

The incircle of $ABC$ breaks the triangle's sides into segments such that $AB = x + y$, $BC = x + z$ and $AC = y + z$. Since ABC is a right triangle, one of $x$, $y$ and $z$ is equal to its radius, 6. Let's assume $z = 6$.

The side lengths then become $AB = x + y$, $BC = x + 6$ and $AC = y + 6$. Plugging into Pythagorean's theorem:

$(x + y)^2 = (x+6)^2 + (y + 6)^2$

$x^2 + 2xy + y^2 = x^2 + 12x + 36 + y^2 + 12y + 36$

$2xy - 12x - 12y = 72$

$xy - 6x - 6y = 36$

$(x - 6)(y - 6) - 36 = 36$

$(x - 6)(y - 6) = 72$

We can factor $72$ to arrive with $6$ pairs of solutions: $(7, 78), (8,42), (9, 30), (10, 24), (12, 18),$ and $(14, 15) \Rightarrow \mathrm{(A)}$.

## Solution 3

Let $a$ and $b$ be the two legs of the triangle, and $c$ be the hypotenuse.

By using $Area = \frac{r}{2} (a+b+c)$, where $r$ is the in-radius, we get:

$$3(a+b+c) = \frac{r}{2} (a+b+c)$$ $$r=6$$

In right triangle, $r = \frac{a+b-c}{2}$ $$a+b-c = 12$$ $$c = a + b - 12$$

By the triangle's area we get:

$$\frac{ab}{2} = 6 \cdot \frac{a+b+c}{2}$$ $$ab = 6(a+b+c)$$

By substituting $c$ in:

$$ab = 6(a+b+a + b - 12)$$ $$ab - 12a - 12b + 72 = 0$$ $$(a - 12)(b - 12) = 72$$

As $72 = 2^3 \cdot 3^2$, there are $\frac{(3+1)(2+1)}{2} = 6$ solutions, $\boxed{\textbf{(A) } 6}$.