# Difference between revisions of "2008 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 13"

## Problem

For each positive integer $n$, the mean of the first $n$ terms of a sequence is $n$. What is the $2008^{\text{th}}$ term of the sequence? $\mathrm{(A)}\ {{{2008}}} \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ {{{4015}}} \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ {{{4016}}} \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ {{{4,030,056}}} \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ {{{4,032,064}}}$

## Solution 1

Since the mean of the first $n$ terms is $n$, the sum of the first $n$ terms is $n^2$. Thus, the sum of the first $2007$ terms is $2007^2$ and the sum of the first $2008$ terms is $2008^2$. Hence, the $2008^{\text{th}}$ term of the sequence is $2008^2-2007^2=(2008+2007)(2008-2007)=4015\Rightarrow \boxed{\text{(B)}}$

Note that $n^2$ is the sum of the first n odd integers.

## Solution 2 (Using Answer Choices)

From inspection, we see that the sum of the sequence is $n^2$. We also notice that $n^2$ is the sum of the first $n$ odd integers. Because $4015$ is the only odd integer, $\boxed{B}$ is the answer.

## Solution 3 (Basically Solution Two Just More Rigorous)

Let $a_1, a_2, a_3, \cdots, a_n$ be the terms of the sequence. We know $\frac{a_1 + a_2 + a_3 + \cdots + a_n}{n} = n$, so we must have $a_1 + a_2 + a_3 + \cdots + a_n = n^2$. The sum of consecutive odd numbers down to $1$ is a perfect square, if you don't believe me, try drawing squares with the sum, so $a_1 = 1, a_2 = 3, a_3 = 5, \cdots , a_n = 2(n-1) + 1$, so the answer is $a_{2008} = 2(2007) + 1 = \boxed{\text{B}}$.

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 