2008 IMO Problems/Problem 6

Revision as of 19:17, 10 April 2009 by Vo Duc Dien (talk | contribs) (Hints for problem 6 IMO 2008)
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Here are some hints:

Let B be the top vertex of triangle ABC, O and K are the centers of the incircles of triangles ABC and ADC with radii R and r, respectively. S is the center of the circumcircle tangential to the extensions of AB, AC and DC. And let

E be the foot of the projection of O to AB. U be the foot of the projection of O to AC. V be the foot of the projection of K to AC. M be the foot of the projection of S to DC. L be the foot of the projection of K to DC. L be the intercept of DC and AB.

We have

/_EOB = /_LSC /_AOU = /_SOC /_ASO = /_KSC /_ASK = /_OSC /_LSB = /_KCO UV = BC – AB AU = VC OA. AK. cos(/_OAK) = OC. KC. cos(/_OCK) OK**2 = (R + r)**2 + UV**2 SK**2 = (R' + r)**2 + ML**2

Use sin (90-x) = cos x and cos(90-x) = sinx and characteristic of triangle a**2 = b**2 + c**2 - 2.b.c.cosine(angle) to solve.

Vo Duc Dien

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