2009 AIME II Problems/Problem 2

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Problem

Suppose that $a$, $b$, and $c$ are positive real numbers such that $a^{\log_3 7} = 27$, $b^{\log_7 11} = 49$, and $c^{\log_{11}25} = \sqrt{11}$. Find \[a^{(\log_3 7)^2} + b^{(\log_7 11)^2} + c^{(\log_{11} 25)^2}.\]

Solution 1

First, we have: \[x^{(\log_y z)^2} = x^{\left( (\log_y z)^2 \right) } = x^{(\log_y z) \cdot (\log_y z) } = \left( x^{\log_y z} \right)^{\log_y z}\]

Now, let $x=y^w$, then we have: \[x^{\log_y z}  = \left( y^w \right)^{\log_y z}  = y^{w\log_y z}  = y^{\log_y (z^w)}  = z^w\]

This is all we need to evaluate the given formula. Note that in our case we have $27=3^3$, $49=7^2$, and $\sqrt{11}=11^{1/2}$. We can now compute:

\[a^{(\log_3 7)^2} = \left( a^{\log_3 7} \right)^{\log_3 7} = 27^{\log_3 7} = (3^3)^{\log_3 7} = 7^3 = 343\]

Similarly, we get \[b^{(\log_7 11)^2}  = (7^2)^{\log_7 11} = 11^2  = 121\]

and \[c^{(\log_{11} 25)^2} = (11^{1/2})^{\log_{11} 25} = 25^{1/2} = 5\]

and therefore the answer is $343+121+5 = \boxed{469}$.

Solution 2

We know from the first three equations that $\log_a27$ = $\log_37$, $\log_b49$ = $\log_711$, and $\log_c\sqrt{11}$ = $\log_{11}25$. Substituting, we get

$a^{(\log_a27)(\log_37)}$ + $b^{(\log_b49)(\log_711)$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Missing } inserted.) + $c^{(\log_c\sqrt {11})(\log_{11}25)}$

We know that $x^{\log_xy}$ = $y$, so we get

$27^{\log_37}$ + $49^{\log_711}$ + $\sqrt {11}^{\log_{11}25}$

$(3^{\log_37})^3$ + $(7^{\log_711})^2$ + $({11^{\log_{11}25})^{1/2}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Missing } inserted.)

The $3$ and the $\log_37$ cancel out to make $7$, and we can do this for the other two terms. We obtain

$7^3$ + $11^2$ + $25^{1/2}$

= $343$ + $121$ + $5$ = $\boxed {469}$.

See Also

2009 AIME II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 1
Followed by
Problem 3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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