# Difference between revisions of "2009 AIME II Problems/Problem 3"

## Problem

In rectangle $ABCD$, $AB=100$. Let $E$ be the midpoint of $\overline{AD}$. Given that line $AC$ and line $BE$ are perpendicular, find the greatest integer less than $AD$.

## Solution

### Solution 1 $[asy] pair A=(0,10), B=(0,0), C=(14,0), D=(14,10), Q=(0,5); draw (A--B--C--D--cycle); pair E=(7,10); draw (B--E); draw (A--C); pair F=(6.7,6.7); label("$$E$$",E,N); label("$$A$$",A,NW); label("$$B$$",B,SW); label("$$C$$",C,SE); label("$$D$$",D,NE); label("$$F$$",F,W); label("$$100$$",Q,W); [/asy]$

From the problem, $AB=100$ and triangle $FBA$ is a right triangle. As $ABCD$ is a rectangle, triangles $BCA$, and $ABE$ are also right triangles. By $AA$, $\triangle FBA \sim \triangle BCA$, and $\triangle FBA \sim \triangle ABE$, so $\triangle ABE \sim \triangle BCA$. This gives $\frac {AE}{AB}= \frac {AB}{BC}$. $AE=\frac{AD}{2}$ and $BC=AD$, so $\frac {AD}{2AB}= \frac {AB}{AD}$, or $(AD)^2=2(AB)^2$, so $AD=AB \sqrt{2}$, or $100 \sqrt{2}$, so the answer is $\boxed{141}$.

### Solution 2

Let $x$ be the ratio of $BC$ to $AB$. On the coordinate plane, plot $A=(0,0)$, $B=(100,0)$, $C=(100,100x)$, and $D=(0,100x)$. Then $E=(0,50x)$. Furthermore, the slope of $\overline{AC}$ is $x$ and the slope of $\overline{BE}$ is $-x/2$. They are perpendicular, so they multiply to $-1$, that is, $$x\cdot-\frac{x}{2}=-1,$$ which implies that $-x^2=-2$ or $x=\sqrt 2$. Therefore $AD=100\sqrt 2\approx 141.42$ so $\lfloor AD\rfloor=\boxed{141}$.

### Solution 3

Similarly to Solution 2, let the positive x-axis be in the direction of ray $BC$ and let the positive y-axis be in the direction of ray $BA$. Thus, the vector $BE=(x,100)$ and the vector $AC=(2x,-100)$ are perpendicular and thus have a dot product of 0. Thus, calculating the dot product: $$x\cdot2x+(100)\cdot(-100)=2x^2-10000=0$$ $$2x^2-10000=0\rightarrow x^2=5000$$

Substituting AD/2 for x: $$(AD/2)^2=5000\rightarrow AD^2=20000$$ $$AD=100\sqrt2$$

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 