Difference between revisions of "2009 USAMO Problems/Problem 1"

(Remarks)
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<cmath> O_2O_1^2 - r_1^2 = O_2O_3^2 - r_3^2</cmath>
 
<cmath> O_2O_1^2 - r_1^2 = O_2O_3^2 - r_3^2</cmath>
 
Subtracting these two equations yields that <math>O_1O_3^2 - r_1^2 = O_2O_3^2 - r_2^2</math>, so <math>O_3</math> must lie on the [[radical axis]] of <math>\omega_1</math> , <math>\omega_2</math>.
 
Subtracting these two equations yields that <math>O_1O_3^2 - r_1^2 = O_2O_3^2 - r_2^2</math>, so <math>O_3</math> must lie on the [[radical axis]] of <math>\omega_1</math> , <math>\omega_2</math>.
 
~AopsUser101
 
 
==Remarks==
 
Conveniently, this analytic solution takes care of all configuration issues we may have encountered had we used a more traditional solution, such as angle-chasing(which would indeed work, just be considerably less elegant).
 
  
 
~AopsUser101
 
~AopsUser101

Revision as of 01:46, 3 March 2020

Problem

Given circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ intersecting at points $X$ and $Y$, let $\ell_1$ be a line through the center of $\omega_1$ intersecting $\omega_2$ at points $P$ and $Q$ and let $\ell_2$ be a line through the center of $\omega_2$ intersecting $\omega_1$ at points $R$ and $S$. Prove that if $P, Q, R$ and $S$ lie on a circle then the center of this circle lies on line $XY$.

Solution

Let $\omega_3$ be the circumcircle of $PQRS$, $r_i$ to be the radius of $\omega_i$, and $O_i$ to be the center of the circle $\omega_i$, where $i \in \{1,2,3\}$. Note that $SR$ and $PQ$ are the radical axises of $O_1$ , $O_3$ and $O_2$ , $O_3$ respectively. Hence, by power of a point(the power of $O_1$ can be expressed using circle $\omega_2$ and $\omega_3$ and the power of $O_2$ can be expressed using circle $\omega_1$ and $\omega_3$), \[O_1O_2^2 - r_2^2 = O_1O_3^2 - r_3^2\] \[O_2O_1^2 - r_1^2 = O_2O_3^2 - r_3^2\] Subtracting these two equations yields that $O_1O_3^2 - r_1^2 = O_2O_3^2 - r_2^2$, so $O_3$ must lie on the radical axis of $\omega_1$ , $\omega_2$.

~AopsUser101

See also

2009 USAMO (ProblemsResources)
Preceded by
First question
Followed by
Problem 2
1 2 3 4 5 6
All USAMO Problems and Solutions

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