2010 AIME II Problems/Problem 12
Two noncongruent integer-sided isosceles triangles have the same perimeter and the same area. The ratio of the lengths of the bases of the two triangles is . Find the minimum possible value of their common perimeter.
Let the first triangle have side lengths , , , and the second triangle have side lengths , , , where .
Since and are integer, the minimum occurs when , , and . Hence, the perimeter is .
Let be the semiperimeter of the two triangles. Also, let the base of the longer triangle be and the base of the shorter triangle be for some arbitrary factor . Then, the dimensions of the two triangles must be and . By Heron's Formula, we have
Since and are coprime, to minimize, we must have and . However, we want the minimum perimeter. This means that we must multiply our minimum semiperimeter by , which gives us a final answer of .
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