Difference between revisions of "2010 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 6"

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==Problem==
 
==Problem==
  
A circle is centered at <math>O</math>, <math>\overbar{AB}</math> is a diameter and <math>C</math> is a point on the circle with <math>\angle COB = 50^\circ</math>. What is the degree measure of <math>\angle CAB</math>?
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A circle is centered at <math>O</math>, <math>\overline{AB}</math> is a diameter and <math>C</math> is a point on the circle with <math>\angle COB = 50^\circ</math>. What is the degree measure of <math>\angle CAB</math>?
  
 
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 20 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 25 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 45 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 50 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 65</math>
 
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 20 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 25 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 45 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 50 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 65</math>
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==Solution==
 
==Solution==
 
Assuming we do not already know an inscribed angle is always half of its central angle, we will try a different approach. Since <math>O</math> is the center, <math>OC</math> and <math>OA</math> are radii and they are congruent. Thus, <math>\triangle COA</math> is an isosceles triangle. Also, note that <math>\angle COB</math> and <math>\angle COA</math> are supplementary, then <math>\angle COA = 180 - 50 = 130^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>\triangle COA</math> is isosceles, then <math>\angle OCA \cong \angle OAC</math>. They also sum to <math>50^{\circ}</math>, so each angle is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 25}</math>.
 
Assuming we do not already know an inscribed angle is always half of its central angle, we will try a different approach. Since <math>O</math> is the center, <math>OC</math> and <math>OA</math> are radii and they are congruent. Thus, <math>\triangle COA</math> is an isosceles triangle. Also, note that <math>\angle COB</math> and <math>\angle COA</math> are supplementary, then <math>\angle COA = 180 - 50 = 130^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>\triangle COA</math> is isosceles, then <math>\angle OCA \cong \angle OAC</math>. They also sum to <math>50^{\circ}</math>, so each angle is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 25}</math>.
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==Video Solution==
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https://youtu.be/I3yihAO87CE
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~IceMatrix
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
{{AMC10 box|year=2010|ab=B|num-b=5|num-a=7}}
 
{{AMC10 box|year=2010|ab=B|num-b=5|num-a=7}}
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{{MAA Notice}}

Latest revision as of 01:55, 26 September 2020

Problem

A circle is centered at $O$, $\overline{AB}$ is a diameter and $C$ is a point on the circle with $\angle COB = 50^\circ$. What is the degree measure of $\angle CAB$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 20 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 25 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 45 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 50 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 65$

Solution

Assuming we do not already know an inscribed angle is always half of its central angle, we will try a different approach. Since $O$ is the center, $OC$ and $OA$ are radii and they are congruent. Thus, $\triangle COA$ is an isosceles triangle. Also, note that $\angle COB$ and $\angle COA$ are supplementary, then $\angle COA = 180 - 50 = 130^{\circ}$. Since $\triangle COA$ is isosceles, then $\angle OCA \cong \angle OAC$. They also sum to $50^{\circ}$, so each angle is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 25}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/I3yihAO87CE

~IceMatrix

See Also

2010 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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