Difference between revisions of "2010 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 6"

(Solution 2)
(Solution 1)
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<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 20 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 25 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 45 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 50 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 65</math>
 
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 20 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 25 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 45 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 50 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 65</math>
  
==Solution 1==
+
==Solution==
 
Assuming we do not already know an inscribed angle is always half of its central angle, we will try a different approach. Since <math>O</math> is the center, <math>OC</math> and <math>OA</math> are radii and they are congruent. Thus, <math>\triangle COA</math> is an isosceles triangle. Also, note that <math>\angle COB</math> and <math>\angle COA</math> are supplementary, then <math>\angle COA = 180 - 50 = 130^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>\triangle COA</math> is isosceles, then <math>\angle OCA \cong \angle OAC</math>. They also sum to <math>50^{\circ}</math>, so each angle is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 25}</math>.
 
Assuming we do not already know an inscribed angle is always half of its central angle, we will try a different approach. Since <math>O</math> is the center, <math>OC</math> and <math>OA</math> are radii and they are congruent. Thus, <math>\triangle COA</math> is an isosceles triangle. Also, note that <math>\angle COB</math> and <math>\angle COA</math> are supplementary, then <math>\angle COA = 180 - 50 = 130^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>\triangle COA</math> is isosceles, then <math>\angle OCA \cong \angle OAC</math>. They also sum to <math>50^{\circ}</math>, so each angle is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 25}</math>.
  

Revision as of 21:23, 30 December 2015

Problem

A circle is centered at $O$, $\overline{AB}$ is a diameter and $C$ is a point on the circle with $\angle COB = 50^\circ$. What is the degree measure of $\angle CAB$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 20 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 25 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 45 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 50 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 65$

Solution

Assuming we do not already know an inscribed angle is always half of its central angle, we will try a different approach. Since $O$ is the center, $OC$ and $OA$ are radii and they are congruent. Thus, $\triangle COA$ is an isosceles triangle. Also, note that $\angle COB$ and $\angle COA$ are supplementary, then $\angle COA = 180 - 50 = 130^{\circ}$. Since $\triangle COA$ is isosceles, then $\angle OCA \cong \angle OAC$. They also sum to $50^{\circ}$, so each angle is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 25}$.

See Also

2010 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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