# Difference between revisions of "2010 AMC 8 Problems"

## Problem 1

At Euclid Middle School the mathematics teachers are Miss Germain, Mr. Newton, and Mrs. Young. There are $11$ students in Mrs. Germain's class, $8$ students in Mr. Newton's class, and $9$ students in Mrs. Young's class taking the AMC 8 this year. How many mathematics students at Euclid Middle School are taking the contest?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 26 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 27\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 28\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 29\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 30$

## Problem 2

If $a @ b = \frac{a\times b}{a+b}$ for $a,b$ positive integers, then what is $5 @10$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{3}{10} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 1 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{10}{3} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 50$

## Problem 4

What is the sum of the mean, median, and mode of the numbers $2,3,0,3,1,4,0,3$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 6.5 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 7\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 7.5\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 8.5\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 9$

## Problem 5

Alice needs to replace a light bulb located $10$ centimeters below the ceiling in her kitchen. The ceiling is $2.4$ meters above the floor. Alice is $1.5$ meters tall and can reach $46$ centimeters above the top of her head. Standing on a stool, she can just reach the light bulb. What is the height of the stool, in centimeters?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 32 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 34\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 36\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 38\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 40$

## Problem 6

Which of the following figures has the greatest number of lines of symmetry?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \text{equilateral triangle}$ $\textbf{(B)}\ \text{non-square rhombus}$ $\textbf{(C)}\ \text{non-square rectangle}$ $\textbf{(D)}\ \text{isosceles trapezoid}$ $\textbf{(E)}\ \text{square}$

## Problem 7

Using only pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters, what is the smallest number of coins Freddie would need so he could pay any amount of money less than a dollar?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 6 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 15\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 25\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 99$

## Problem 8

As Emily is riding her bicycle on a long straight road, she spots Emerson skating in the same direction $1/2$ mile in front of her. After she passes him, she can see him in her rear mirror until he is $1/2$ mile behind her. Emily rides at a constant rate of $12$ miles per hour, and Emerson skates at a constant rate of $8$ miles per hour. For how many minutes can Emily see Emerson?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 6 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 15\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 16$

## Problem 9

Ryan got $80\%$ of the problems correct on a $25$-problem test, $90\%$ on a $40$-problem test, and $70\%$ on a $10$-problem test. What percent of all the problems did Ryan answer correctly?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 64 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 75\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 80\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 84\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 86$

## Problem 10

Six pepperoni circles will exactly fit across the diameter of a $12$-inch pizza when placed. If a total of $24$ circles of pepperoni are placed on this pizza without overlap, what fraction of the pizza is covered by pepperoni?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac 12 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac 23 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac 34 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac 56 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac 78$

## Problem 11

The top of one tree is $16$ feet higher than the top of another tree. The heights of the two trees are in the ratio $3:4$. In feet, how tall is the taller tree?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 48 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 64 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 80 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 96\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 112$

## Problem 12

Of the $500$ balls in a large bag, $80\%$ are red and the rest are blue. How many of the red balls must be removed from the bag so that $75\%$ of the remaining balls are red?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 25 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 50 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 75 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 100\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 150$

## Problem 13

The lengths of the sides of a triangle in inches are three consecutive integers. The length of the shortest side is $30\%$ of the perimeter. What is the length of the longest side?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 7 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 11$

## Problem 14

What is the sum of the prime factors of $2010$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 67 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 75\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 77\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 201\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 210$

## Problem 15

A jar contains five different colors of gumdrops: $30\%$ are blue, $20\%$ are brown, $15\%$ red, $10\%$ yellow, and the other $30$ gumdrops are green. If half of the blue gumdrops are replaced with brown gumdrops, how many gumdrops will be brown?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 35 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 36\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 42\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 48\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 64$

## Problem 16

A square and a circle have the same area. What is the ratio of the side length of the square to the radius of the circle?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{\sqrt{\pi}}{2} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \sqrt{\pi} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \pi \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 2\pi \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \pi^{2}$

## Problem 18

A decorative window is made up of a rectangle with semicircles on either end. The ratio of $AD$ to $AB$ is $3:2$, and $AB$ is 30 inches. What is the ratio of the area of the rectangle to the combined areas of the semicircles?

$[asy] import graph; size(5cm); real lsf=0; pen dps=linewidth(0.7)+fontsize(8); defaultpen(dps); pen ds=black; real xmin=-4.27,xmax=14.73,ymin=-3.22,ymax=6.8; draw((0,4)--(0,0)); draw((0,0)--(2.5,0)); draw((2.5,0)--(2.5,4)); draw((2.5,4)--(0,4)); draw(shift((1.25,4))*xscale(1.25)*yscale(1.25)*arc((0,0),1,0,180)); draw(shift((1.25,0))*xscale(1.25)*yscale(1.25)*arc((0,0),1,-180,0)); dot((0,0),ds); label("A",(-0.26,-0.23),NE*lsf); dot((2.5,0),ds); label("B",(2.61,-0.26),NE*lsf); dot((0,4),ds); label("D",(-0.26,4.02),NE*lsf); dot((2.5,4),ds); label("C",(2.64,3.98),NE*lsf); clip((xmin,ymin)--(xmin,ymax)--(xmax,ymax)--(xmax,ymin)--cycle);[/asy]$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2:3 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3:2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6:\pi \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 9: \pi \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 30 : \pi$

## Problem 19

The two circles pictured have the same center $C$. Chord $\overline{AD}$ is tangent to the inner circle at $B$, $AC$ is $10$, and chord $\overline{AD}$ has length $16$. What is the area between the two circles?

$[asy] unitsize(45); import graph; size(300); real lsf = 0.5; pen dp = linewidth(0.7) + fontsize(10); defaultpen(dp); pen ds = black; pen xdxdff = rgb(0.49,0.49,1); draw((2,0.15)--(1.85,0.15)--(1.85,0)--(2,0)--cycle); draw(circle((2,1),2.24)); draw(circle((2,1),1)); draw((0,0)--(4,0)); draw((0,0)--(2,1)); draw((2,1)--(2,0)); draw((2,1)--(4,0)); dot((0,0),ds); label("A", (-0.19,-0.23),NE*lsf); dot((2,0),ds); label("B", (1.97,-0.31),NE*lsf); dot((2,1),ds); label("C", (1.96,1.09),NE*lsf); dot((4,0),ds); label("D", (4.07,-0.24),NE*lsf); clip((-3.1,-7.72)--(-3.1,4.77)--(11.74,4.77)--(11.74,-7.72)--cycle); [/asy]$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 36 \pi \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 49 \pi\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 64 \pi\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 81 \pi\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 100 \pi$

## Problem 20

In a room, $2/5$ of the people are wearing gloves, and $3/4$ of the people are wearing hats. What is the minimum number of people in the room wearing both a hat and a glove?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 3 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 15\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 20$

## Problem 21

Hui is an avid reader. She bought a copy of the best seller Math is Beautiful. On the first day, Hui read $1/5$ of the pages plus $12$ more, and on the second day she read $1/4$ of the remaining pages plus $15$ pages. On the third day she read $1/3$ of the remaining pages plus $18$ pages. She then realized that there were only $62$ pages left to read, which she read the next day. How many pages are in this book?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 120 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 180\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 240\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 300\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 360$

## Problem 22

The hundreds digit of a three-digit number is $2$ more than the units digit. The digits of the three-digit number are reversed, and the result is subtracted from the original three-digit number. What is the units digit of the result?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 8$

## Problem 23

Semicircles $POQ$ and $ROS$ pass through the center $O$. What is the ratio of the combined areas of the two semicircles to the area of circle $O$? $[asy] import graph; size(7.5cm); real lsf=0.5; pen dps=linewidth(0.7)+fontsize(10); defaultpen(dps); pen ds=black; real xmin=-6.27,xmax=10.01,ymin=-5.65,ymax=10.98; draw(circle((0,0),2)); draw((-3,0)--(3,0),EndArrow(6)); draw((0,-3)--(0,3),EndArrow(6)); draw(shift((0.01,1.42))*xscale(1.41)*yscale(1.41)*arc((0,0),1,179.76,359.76)); draw(shift((-0.01,-1.42))*xscale(1.41)*yscale(1.41)*arc((0,0),1,-0.38,179.62)); draw((-1.4,1.43)--(1.41,1.41)); draw((-1.42,-1.41)--(1.4,-1.42)); label(" P(-1,1) ",(-2.57,2.17),SE*lsf); label(" Q(1,1) ",(1.55,2.21),SE*lsf); label(" R(-1,-1) ",(-2.72,-1.45),SE*lsf); label("S(1,-1)",(1.59,-1.49),SE*lsf); dot((0,0),ds); label("O",(-0.24,-0.35),NE*lsf); dot((1.41,1.41),ds); dot((-1.4,1.43),ds); dot((1.4,-1.42),ds); dot((-1.42,-1.41),ds); clip((xmin,ymin)--(xmin,ymax)--(xmax,ymax)--(xmax,ymin)--cycle);[/asy]$ $\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{\sqrt 2}{4}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{2}{\pi}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{2}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{\sqrt 2}{2}$

## Problem 24

What is the correct ordering of the three numbers, $10^8$, $5^{12}$, and $2^{24}$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2{}^2{}^4<10^8<5{}^1{}^2$

$\textbf{(B)}\ 2{}^2{}^4<5{}^1{}^2<10^8$

$\textbf{(C)}\ 5{}^1{}^2<2{}^2{}^4<10^8$

$\textbf{(D)}\ 10^8<5{}^1{}^2<2{}^2{}^4$

$\textbf{(E)}\ 10^8<2{}^2{}^4<5{}^1{}^2$

## Problem 25

Everyday at school, Jo climbs a flight of $6$ stairs. Jo can take the stairs $1$, $2$, or $3$ at a time. For example, Jo could climb $3$, then $1$, then $2$. In how many ways can Jo climb the stairs?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 13 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 20\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 22\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 24$