Difference between revisions of "2011 AIME I Problems/Problem 4"
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We know that <math>\frac{\angle A+\angle B+\angle C}{2}=90^\circ</math>. In triangle <math>CBM</math>, we have <cmath>90^\circ=\angle CBM+\angle BCI+\angle ICM=\frac{\angle B}{2}+\frac{\angle C}{2}+\angle ICM.</cmath> Therefore, <math>\angle ICM=\frac{\angle A}{2}</math>, and <math>\triangle CIM\sim\triangle AIP</math>. | We know that <math>\frac{\angle A+\angle B+\angle C}{2}=90^\circ</math>. In triangle <math>CBM</math>, we have <cmath>90^\circ=\angle CBM+\angle BCI+\angle ICM=\frac{\angle B}{2}+\frac{\angle C}{2}+\angle ICM.</cmath> Therefore, <math>\angle ICM=\frac{\angle A}{2}</math>, and <math>\triangle CIM\sim\triangle AIP</math>. | ||
− | Thus <math> | + | Thus <math>MC=CI\cdot \frac{AP}{AI}</math>. Using a similar method, we can find that <math>CN=CI\cdot \frac{BQ}{BI}</math>. Therefore, our Ptolemy's expression simplifies to <cmath>MN=IM\cdot \frac{BQ}{BI}+NI\cdot\frac{AP}{AI}=IM\cdot\cos \frac{B}{2}+NI\cdot\cos\frac{A}{2}.</cmath> |
− | + | Using right triangles <math>CIM</math> and <math>NCI</math>, we also know that <math>IM=CI\cdot\sin \frac{A}{2}</math> and <math>NI=CI\cdot\sin\frac{B}{2}</math>. Thus <cmath>MN=CI\cdot\cos \frac{B}{2}\sin\frac{A}{2}+CI\cdot\cos\frac{A}{2}\sin\frac{B}{2}=CI\cdot\sin\left(\frac{A+B}{2}\right)=CI\cdot \cos \frac{C}{2}.</cmath> | |
− | + | But this last expression is equal to <math>CQ</math>. This a tangent to the incircle, so it has length <math>s-c=181-125=\boxed{56}</math>. | |
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== See also == | == See also == | ||
{{AIME box|year=2011|n=I|num-b=3|num-a=5}} | {{AIME box|year=2011|n=I|num-b=3|num-a=5}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 01:58, 15 July 2013
Problem 4
In triangle , , and . The angle bisector of angle intersects at point , and the angle bisector of angle intersects at point . Let and be the feet of the perpendiculars from to and , respectively. Find .
Solution
Solution 1
Extend such that it intersects lines and at points and , respectively.
Lemma 1: are midpoints of and
Proof: Consider the reflection of the vertex over the line , and let this point be . Since , we have that is the image of after reflection over , and from the definition of reflection . Then it is easily seen that since is an angle bisector, that , so lies on . Similarly, if we define to be the reflection of over , then we find that lies on . Then we can now see that , with a homothety of ratio taking the first triangle to the second. Then this same homothety takes everything on the line to everything on the line . So since lie on , this homothety also takes to so they are midpoints, as desired.
Lemma 2: are isosceles triangles
Proof: To show that is isosceles, note that , with similarity ratio of . So it suffices to show that triangle is isosceles. But this follows quickly from Lemma 1, since is both an altitude and an angle bisector of . is isosceles by the same reasoning.
Since is a midline, it then follows that and . Since and are both isosceles, we have that and . Since is a midline, . We want to find , which is just .
Substituting the values of , we have that the answer is .
Solution 2
Let be the intersection of and , or rather the incenter of triangle . Noting that and are right, we conclude that is a cyclic quadrilateral, so by Ptolemy's Theorem, Now let and be inradii to and respectively in the following picture, which is not to scale.
We know that . In triangle , we have Therefore, , and . Thus . Using a similar method, we can find that . Therefore, our Ptolemy's expression simplifies to Using right triangles and , we also know that and . Thus But this last expression is equal to . This a tangent to the incircle, so it has length .
See also
2011 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 3 |
Followed by Problem 5 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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