2011 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 16

Revision as of 17:00, 8 February 2018 by Jetc (talk | contribs) (Solution 2)

Problem 16

Which of the following is equal to $\sqrt{9-6\sqrt{2}}+\sqrt{9+6\sqrt{2}}$?

$\text{(A)}\,3\sqrt2 \qquad\text{(B)}\,2\sqrt6 \qquad\text{(C)}\,\frac{7\sqrt2}{2} \qquad\text{(D)}\,3\sqrt3 \qquad\text{(E)}\,6$

Solution 1

We find the answer by squaring, then square rooting the expression.

\begin{align*} &\sqrt{9-6\sqrt{2}}+\sqrt{9+6\sqrt{2}}\\ = \ &\sqrt{\left(\sqrt{9-6\sqrt{2}}+\sqrt{9+6\sqrt{2}}\right)^2}\\ = \ &\sqrt{9-6\sqrt{2}+2\sqrt{(9-6\sqrt{2})(9+6\sqrt{2})}+9+6\sqrt{2}}\\ = \ &\sqrt{18+2\sqrt{(9-6\sqrt{2})(9+6\sqrt{2})}}\\ = \ &\sqrt{18+2\sqrt{9^2-(6\sqrt{2})^2}}\\ = \ &\sqrt{18+2\sqrt{81-72}}\\ = \ &\sqrt{18+2\sqrt{9}}\\ = \ &\sqrt{18+6}\\= \ &\sqrt{24}\\ = \ &\boxed{2\sqrt{6} \ \mathbf{(B)}}. \end{align*}

Solution 2

$\begin{align*} &\sqrt{9-6\sqrt{2}}+\sqrt{9+6\sqrt{2}}\\ = \ &\sqrt{\left(\sqrt{81-38}+\sqrt{81+38}\right)}\\ = \ &\sqrt{\left(\sqrt{162}\right}\\ = \ &\sqrt{\left(\sqrt{(3^4)*2\right} = \ &\boxed{2\sqrt{6} \ \mathbf{(B)}}. \end{align*}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Package amsmath Error: \begin{align*} allowed only in paragraph mode.)

(Basically this method turns the question into a 4th root, and then simplifies it. By the way, this method is much easier.)

Request from the author: Can someone fix the coding, please? Thx. ------ SuperWill

See Also

2011 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 15
Followed by
Problem 17
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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