2011 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 18

Revision as of 19:36, 25 February 2011 by Epicfailiure (talk | contribs) (Created page with '==Problem== There is a rectangle ABCD with AB = 6 and BC = 3. A point M lies on AB such that angles CMD and AMD are congruent. What is the measure of angle CMD? (A) 15 (B) 30 (…')
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Problem

There is a rectangle ABCD with AB = 6 and BC = 3. A point M lies on AB such that angles CMD and AMD are congruent. What is the measure of angle CMD?

(A) 15 (B) 30 (C) 45 (D) 60 (E) 75

Solution

Using alternate interior angles and the fact that AB and CD are parallel because it is a rectangle, the angles AMD and MDC are congruent. Using the transitive property and the given angular congruence, MDC and CMD are congruent, and so CD = CM = 6. So sin(BMC) = 3/6 = 0.5, and angle BMC is 30 degrees. Then AMD = 75 degrees (E).

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