Difference between revisions of "2011 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 22"

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<math> \textbf{(A) }0\qquad\textbf{(B) }1\qquad\textbf{(C) }3\qquad\textbf{(D) }4\qquad\textbf{(E) }7 </math>
 
<math> \textbf{(A) }0\qquad\textbf{(B) }1\qquad\textbf{(C) }3\qquad\textbf{(D) }4\qquad\textbf{(E) }7 </math>
  
==Solution==
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==Solution 1==
 
The first couple powers of <math>7</math> are <math>7, 49, 343, 2401, 16807.</math> As you can see, the last two digits cycle after every 4 powers. <math>7^{1}\ (\text{mod }100) \equiv 7^{5}\ (\text{mod }100) \equiv 7^{2009}\ (\text{mod }100).</math> From there, we go two more powers. The last two digits are <math>43</math> so the tens digit is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 4}</math>
 
The first couple powers of <math>7</math> are <math>7, 49, 343, 2401, 16807.</math> As you can see, the last two digits cycle after every 4 powers. <math>7^{1}\ (\text{mod }100) \equiv 7^{5}\ (\text{mod }100) \equiv 7^{2009}\ (\text{mod }100).</math> From there, we go two more powers. The last two digits are <math>43</math> so the tens digit is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 4}</math>
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==Solution 2==
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We want the tens digit
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
{{AMC8 box|year=2011|num-b=21|num-a=23}}
 
{{AMC8 box|year=2011|num-b=21|num-a=23}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 10:45, 12 November 2019

Problem

What is the tens digit of $7^{2011}$?

$\textbf{(A) }0\qquad\textbf{(B) }1\qquad\textbf{(C) }3\qquad\textbf{(D) }4\qquad\textbf{(E) }7$

Solution 1

The first couple powers of $7$ are $7, 49, 343, 2401, 16807.$ As you can see, the last two digits cycle after every 4 powers. $7^{1}\ (\text{mod }100) \equiv 7^{5}\ (\text{mod }100) \equiv 7^{2009}\ (\text{mod }100).$ From there, we go two more powers. The last two digits are $43$ so the tens digit is $\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 4}$

Solution 2

We want the tens digit

See Also

2011 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 21
Followed by
Problem 23
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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