Difference between revisions of "2012 AIME I Problems/Problem 6"

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Substituting the first equation into the second, we find that <math>(z^{13})^{11} = z</math> and thus <math>z^{143} = z.</math> We know that <math>z \neq 0,</math> because we are given the imaginary part of <math>z,</math> so we can divide by <math>z</math> to get <math>z^{142} = 1.</math> So, <math>z</math> must be a <math>142</math>nd root of unity, and thus, by De Moivre's theorem, the imaginary part of <math>z</math> will be of the form <math>\sin{\frac{2k\pi}{142}} = \sin{\frac{k\pi}{71}},</math> where <math>k \in \{1, 2, \ldots, 70\}.</math> Note that <math>71</math> is prime and <math>k<71</math> by the conditions of the problem, so the denominator in the argument of this value will always be <math>71.</math> Thus, <math>n = \boxed{071}.</math>
 
Substituting the first equation into the second, we find that <math>(z^{13})^{11} = z</math> and thus <math>z^{143} = z.</math> We know that <math>z \neq 0,</math> because we are given the imaginary part of <math>z,</math> so we can divide by <math>z</math> to get <math>z^{142} = 1.</math> So, <math>z</math> must be a <math>142</math>nd root of unity, and thus, by De Moivre's theorem, the imaginary part of <math>z</math> will be of the form <math>\sin{\frac{2k\pi}{142}} = \sin{\frac{k\pi}{71}},</math> where <math>k \in \{1, 2, \ldots, 70\}.</math> Note that <math>71</math> is prime and <math>k<71</math> by the conditions of the problem, so the denominator in the argument of this value will always be <math>71.</math> Thus, <math>n = \boxed{071}.</math>
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=== Video Solution by Richard Rusczyk ===
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https://artofproblemsolving.com/videos/amc/2012aimei/342
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~ dolphin7
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Revision as of 11:34, 15 May 2020

Problem 6

The complex numbers $z$ and $w$ satisfy $z^{13} = w,$ $w^{11} = z,$ and the imaginary part of $z$ is $\sin{\frac{m\pi}{n}}$, for relatively prime positive integers $m$ and $n$ with $m<n.$ Find $n.$

Solution

Substituting the first equation into the second, we find that $(z^{13})^{11} = z$ and thus $z^{143} = z.$ We know that $z \neq 0,$ because we are given the imaginary part of $z,$ so we can divide by $z$ to get $z^{142} = 1.$ So, $z$ must be a $142$nd root of unity, and thus, by De Moivre's theorem, the imaginary part of $z$ will be of the form $\sin{\frac{2k\pi}{142}} = \sin{\frac{k\pi}{71}},$ where $k \in \{1, 2, \ldots, 70\}.$ Note that $71$ is prime and $k<71$ by the conditions of the problem, so the denominator in the argument of this value will always be $71.$ Thus, $n = \boxed{071}.$

Video Solution by Richard Rusczyk

https://artofproblemsolving.com/videos/amc/2012aimei/342

~ dolphin7

See also

2012 AIME I (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Note: Even Richard Rusczyk said this was a low quality problem. It is a 10 second problem if you know roots of unity, but impossible to to if you don't know them.

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