2012 AMC 10B Problems

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Problem 1

Each third-grade classroom at Pearl Creek Elementary has 18 students and 2 pet rabbits. How many more students than rabbits are there in all 4 of the third-grade classrooms?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 48\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 56\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 64\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 72\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 80$


Problem 2

A circle of radius 5 is inscribed in a rectangle as shown. The ratio of the length of the rectangle to its width is 2:1. What is the area of the rectangle?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 50\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 100\qquad\textbf{(C)}\  125\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 150\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 200$


Problem 3

The point in the xy-plane with coordinates (1000, 2012) is reflected across the line y=2000. What are the coordinates of the reflected point?

$\textbf{(A)}\ (998,2012)\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ (1000,1988)\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ (1000,2024)\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ (1000,4012)\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ (1012,2012)$


Problem 4

When Ringo places his marbles into bags with 6 marbles per bag, he has 4 marbles left over. When Paul does the same with his marbles, he has 3 marbles left over. Ringo and Paul pool their marbles and place them into as many bags as possible, with 6 marbles per bag. How many marbles will be left over?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5$


Problem 5

Anna enjoys dinner at a restaurant in Washington, D.C., where the sales tax on meals is 10%. She leaves a 15% tip on the price of her meal before the sales tax is added, and the tax is calculated on the pre-tip amount. She spends a total of 27.50 dollars for dinner. What is the cost of her dinner without tax or tip in dollars?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 20\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 21\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 22\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 24$


Problem 6

In order to estimate the value of x-y where x and y are real numbers with x > y > 0, Xiaoli rounded x up by a small amount, rounded y down by the same amount, and then subtracted her rounded values. Which of the following statements is necessarily correct?

A) Her estimate is larger than x-y B) Her estimate is smaller than x-y C) Her estimate equals x-y D) Her estimate equals y - x E) Her estimate is 0


Problem 7

For a science project, Sammy observed a chipmunk and a squirrel stashing acorns in holes. The chipmunk hid 3 acorns in each of the holes it dug. The squirrel hid 4 acorns in each of the holes it dug. They each hid the same number of acorns, although the squirrel needed 4 fewer holes. How many acorns did the chipmunk hide?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 30\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 36\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 42\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 48\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 54$


Problem 23

A solid tetrahedron is sliced off a wooden unit cube by a plane passing through two nonadjacent vertices on one face and one vertex on the opposite face not adjacent to either of the first two vertices. The tetrahedron is discarded and the remaining portion of the cube is placed on a table with the cut surface face down. What is the height of this object?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{2\sqrt{2}}{3}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{2\sqrt{3}}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \sqrt{2}$


Problem 24

Amy, Beth, and Jo listen to four different songs and discuss which ones they like. No song is liked by all three. Furthermore, for each of the three pairs of the girls, there is at least one song liked by those girls but disliked by the third. In how many different ways is this possible?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 108\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 132\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 671\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 846\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 1105$


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