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2012 AMC 10B Problems

Revision as of 22:23, 23 February 2012 by Rguan (talk | contribs)

Problem 1

Each third-grade classroom at Pearl Creek Elementary has 18 students and 2 pet rabbits. How many more students than rabbits are there in all 4 of the third-grade classrooms?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 48\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 56\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 64\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 72\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 80$


Problem 2

A circle of radius 5 is inscribed in a rectangle as shown. The ratio of the length of the rectangle to its width is 2:1. What is the area of the rectangle?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 50\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 100\qquad\textbf{(C)}\  125\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 150\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 200$


Problem 3

The point in the xy-plane with coordinates (1000, 2012) is reflected across the line y=2000. What are the coordinates of the reflected point?

$\textbf{(A)}\ (998,2012)\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ (1000,1988)\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ (1000,2024)\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ (1000,4012)\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ (1012,2012)$


Problem 4

When Ringo places his marbles into bags with 6 marbles per bag, he has 4 marbles left over. When Paul does the same with his marbles, he has 3 marbles left over. Ringo and Paul pool their marbles and place them into as many bags as possible, with 6 marbles per bag. How many marbles will be left over?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5$


Problem 5

Anna enjoys dinner at a restaurant in Washington, D.C., where the sales tax on meals is 10%. She leaves a 15% tip on the price of her meal before the sales tax is added, and the tax is calculated on the pre-tip amount. She spends a total of 27.50 dollars for dinner. What is the cost of her dinner without tax or tip in dollars?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 20\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 21\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 22\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 24$


Problem 6

In order to estimate the value of x-y where x and y are real numbers with x > y > 0, Xiaoli rounded x up by a small amount, rounded y down by the same amount, and then subtracted her rounded values. Which of the following statements is necessarily correct?

A) Her estimate is larger than x-y B) Her estimate is smaller than x-y C) Her estimate equals x-y D) Her estimate equals y - x E) Her estimate is 0


Problem 7

For a science project, Sammy observed a chipmunk and a squirrel stashing acorns in holes. The chipmunk hid 3 acorns in each of the holes it dug. The squirrel hid 4 acorns in each of the holes it dug. They each hid the same number of acorns, although the squirrel needed 4 fewer holes. How many acorns did the chipmunk hide?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 30\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 36\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 42\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 48\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 54$


Problem 8

What is the sum of all integer solutions to $1<(x-2)^2<25$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 15\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 19\qquad\textbf{(E)}\25$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.)


Problem 9

Two integers have a sum of 26. When two more integers are added to the first two integers the sum is 41. Finally when two more integers are added to the sum of the previous four integers the sum is 57. What is the minimum number of even integers among the 6 integers?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\5$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.)


Problem 10

How many ordered pairs of positive integers (M,N) satisfy the equation $\frac {M}{6}$ = $\frac{6}{N}$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 7\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(E)}\10$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.)


Problem 11

A dessert chef prepares the dessert for every day of a week starting with Sunday. The dessert each day is either cake, pie, ice cream, or pudding. The same dessert may not be served two days in a row. There must be cake on Friday because of a birthday. How many different dessert menus for the week are possible?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 729\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 972\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 1024\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 2187\qquad\textbf{(E)}\2304$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.)


Problem 12

Point B is due east of point A. Point C is due north of point B. The distance between points A and C is $10\sqrt 2$, and $\angle BAC$= 45 degrees. Point D is 20 meters due North of point C. The distance Ad is between which two integers?

(A) 30 and 31 (B) 31 and 32 (C) 32 and 33 (D)33 and 34 (E)34 and 35


Problem 13

It takes Clea 60 seconds to walk down an escalator when it is not operating, and only 24 seconds to walk down the escalator when it is operating. How many seconds does it take Clea to ride down the operating escalator when she just stands on it?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 36\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 40\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 42\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 48\qquad\textbf{(E)}\52$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.)


Problem 14

Two equilateral triangles are contained in square whose side length is $2\sqrt 3$. The bases of these triangles are the opposite side of the square, and their intersection is a rhombus. What is the area of the rhombus?

$\text{(A) } \frac{3}{2} \qquad \text{(B) } \sqrt 3 \qquad \text{(C) } 2\sqrt 2 -   1  \qquad \text{(D) } 8\sqrt 3 - 12 \qquad \text{(E)}  \frac{4\sqrt 3}{3}$


Problem 15

In a round-robin tournament with 6 teams, each team plays one game against each other team, and each game results in one team winning and one team losing. At the end of the tournament, the teams are ranked by the number of games won. What is the maximum number of teams that could be tied for the most wins at the end on the tournament?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(E)}\6$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.)


Problem 23

A solid tetrahedron is sliced off a wooden unit cube by a plane passing through two nonadjacent vertices on one face and one vertex on the opposite face not adjacent to either of the first two vertices. The tetrahedron is discarded and the remaining portion of the cube is placed on a table with the cut surface face down. What is the height of this object?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{2\sqrt{2}}{3}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{2\sqrt{3}}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \sqrt{2}$


Problem 24

Amy, Beth, and Jo listen to four different songs and discuss which ones they like. No song is liked by all three. Furthermore, for each of the three pairs of the girls, there is at least one song liked by those girls but disliked by the third. In how many different ways is this possible?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 108\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 132\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 671\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 846\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 1105$


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