2012 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 6

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Problem

In order to estimate the value of $x-y$ where $x$ and $y$ are real numbers with $x > y > 0$, Xiaoli rounded $x$ up by a small amount, rounded $y$ down by the same amount, and then subtracted her rounded values. Which of the following statements is necessarily correct?


$\textbf{(A) } \text{Her estimate is larger than } x-y \qquad \textbf{(B) } \text{Her estimate is smaller than } x-y \qquad \textbf{(C) } \text{Her estimate equals } x-y \\ \qquad \textbf{(D) } \text{Her estimate equals } x-y \qquad \textbf{(E) } \text{Her estimate is } 0$

Solution

Let's define $z$ as the amount rounded up by and down by.

The problem statement tells us that Xiaoli performed the following computation:

$\left(x+z\right) - \left(y-z\right) = x+z-y+z = x-y+2z$

We can see that $x-y+2z$ is greater than $x-y$, and so the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(A) } \text{Her estimate is larger than } x-y}$.


See Also

2012 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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