Difference between revisions of "2012 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 13"
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==Problem== | ==Problem== | ||
− | Two parabolas have equations <math>y= x^2 + ax +b</math> and <math>y= x^2 + cx +d</math>, where <math>a, b, c,</math> and <math>d</math> are integers, each chosen independently by rolling a fair six-sided die. What is the probability that the parabolas will have | + | Two parabolas have equations <math>y= x^2 + ax +b</math> and <math>y= x^2 + cx +d</math>, where <math>a, b, c,</math> and <math>d</math> are integers, each chosen independently by rolling a fair six-sided die. What is the probability that the parabolas will have at least one point in common? |
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{25}{36}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{5}{6}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{31}{36}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 1</math> | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{25}{36}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{5}{6}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{31}{36}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 1</math> |
Revision as of 17:02, 12 December 2020
Problem
Two parabolas have equations and , where and are integers, each chosen independently by rolling a fair six-sided die. What is the probability that the parabolas will have at least one point in common?
Solutions
Solution 1
Set the two equations equal to each other: . Now remove the x squared and get x's on one side: . Now factor : . If a cannot equal , then there is always a solution, but if , a in chance, leaving a out , always having at least one point in common. And if , then the only way for that to work, is if , a in chance, however, this can occur ways, so a in chance of this happening. So adding one thirty sixth to , we get the simplified fraction of ; answer .
Solution 2
Proceed as above to obtain . The probability that the parabolas have at least 1 point in common is 1 minus the probability that they do not intersect. The equation has no solution if and only if and . The probability that is while the probability that is . Thus we have for the probability that the parabolas intersect.
See Also
2012 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 12 |
Followed by Problem 14 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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