2012 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 21
Square is inscribed in equiangular hexagon with on , on , and on . Suppose that , and . What is the side-length of the square?
(diagram by djmathman)
Extend and so that they meet at . Then , so and therefore is parallel to . Also, since is parallel and equal to , we get , hence is congruent to . We now get .
Let , , and .
Drop a perpendicular line from to the line of that meets line at , and a perpendicular line from to the line of that meets at , then is congruent to since is complementary to . Then we have the following equations:
The sum of these two yields that
So, we can now use the law of cosines in :
First, we want to angle chase. Set equal to degrees.
Now the key idea is that you want to relate the numbers that you have. You know and that . We proceed with the Law of Sines.
Call the side length of the square x. Then we are going to set a constant k equal to , and this is consistent for every triangle in the diagram because all the angles of the hexagon are equiangular (and so they are all ).
Then we get the following process:
And now expanding using our trig formulas, we get:
And so now we have a triangle where and . Put them in a triangle where the hypotenuse is 1. Then, by the Pythagorean Theorem, we get:
And since , then:
Solution by IronicNinja
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