Difference between revisions of "2012 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 20"

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==Solution.3==
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==Solution 3==
 
Change <math>7/21</math> into <math>1/3</math>;
 
Change <math>7/21</math> into <math>1/3</math>;
 
<cmath>\frac{1}{3}\cdot\frac{5}{5}=\frac{5}{15}</cmath>
 
<cmath>\frac{1}{3}\cdot\frac{5}{5}=\frac{5}{15}</cmath>

Revision as of 22:00, 19 November 2019

Problem

What is the correct ordering of the three numbers $\frac{5}{19}$, $\frac{7}{21}$, and $\frac{9}{23}$, in increasing order?

$\textbf{(A)}\hspace{.05in}\frac{9}{23}<\frac{7}{21}<\frac{5}{19}\quad\textbf{(B)}\hspace{.05in}\frac{5}{19}<\frac{7}{21}<\frac{9}{23}\quad\textbf{(C)}\hspace{.05in}\frac{9}{23}<\frac{5}{19}<\frac{7}{21}$

$\textbf{(D)}\hspace{.05in}\frac{5}{19}<\frac{9}{23}<\frac{7}{21}\quad\textbf{(E)}\hspace{.05in}\frac{7}{21}<\frac{5}{19}<\frac{9}{23}$

Solution 1

The value of $\frac{7}{21}$ is $\frac{1}{3}$. Now we give all the fractions a common denominator.

$\frac{5}{19} \implies \frac{345}{1311}$

$\frac{1}{3} \implies \frac{437}{1311}$

$\frac{9}{23} \implies \frac{513}{1311}$

Ordering the fractions from least to greatest, we find that they are in the order listed. Therefore, our final answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{5}{19}<\frac{7}{21}<\frac{9}{23}}$.

Solution 2

Instead of finding the LCD, we can subtract each fraction from $1$ to get a common numerator. Thus,

$1-\dfrac{5}{19}=\dfrac{14}{19}$

$1-\dfrac{7}{21}=\dfrac{14}{21}$

$1-\dfrac{9}{23}=\dfrac{14}{23}$

All three fractions have common numerator $14$. Now it is obvious the order of the fractions. $\dfrac{14}{19}>\dfrac{14}{21}>\dfrac{14}{23}\implies\dfrac{5}{19}<\dfrac{7}{21}<\dfrac{9}{23}$. Therefore, our answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{5}{19}<\frac{7}{21}<\frac{9}{23}}$.


Solution 3

Change $7/21$ into $1/3$; \[\frac{1}{3}\cdot\frac{5}{5}=\frac{5}{15}\] \[\frac{5}{15}>\frac{5}{19}\] \[\frac{7}{21}>\frac{5}{19}\] And \[\frac{1}{3}\cdot\frac{9}{9}=\frac{9}{27}\] \[\frac{9}{27}<\frac{9}{23}\] \[\frac{7}{21}<\frac{9}{23}\] Therefore, our answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{5}{19}<\frac{7}{21}<\frac{9}{23}}$.

See Also

2012 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 19
Followed by
Problem 21
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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