# Difference between revisions of "2012 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 22"

## Problem

Let $R$ be a set of nine distinct integers. Six of the elements are 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, and 14. What is the number of possible values of the median of $R$ ? $\textbf{(A)}\hspace{.05in}4\qquad\textbf{(B)}\hspace{.05in}5\qquad\textbf{(C)}\hspace{.05in}6\qquad\textbf{(D)}\hspace{.05in}7\qquad\textbf{(E)}\hspace{.05in}8$

## Solution 1

First, we find that the minimum value of the median of $R$ will be $3$.

We then experiment with sequences of numbers to determine other possible medians.

Median: $3$

Sequence: $-2, -1, 0, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 14$

Median: $4$

Sequence: $-1, 0, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 14$

Median: $5$

Sequence: $0, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 14$

Median: $6$

Sequence: $0, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 14, 15$

Median: $7$

Sequence: $2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14$

Median: $8$

Sequence: $2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15$

Median: $9$

Sequence: $2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17$

Any number greater than $9$ also cannot be a median of set $R$.

Therefore, the answer is $7\implies \textbf{(D)}.$

## Solution 2

Let the values of the missing integers be $x, y, z$. We will find the bound of the possible medians.

The smallest possible median will happen when we order the set as $\{x, y, z, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 14\}$. The median is $3$.

The largest possible median will happen when we order the set as $\{2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 14, x, y, z\}$. The median is $9$

Therefore, the median must be between $3$ and $9$ inclusive, yielding $7$ possible medians, $\textbf{(D)}$.

~superagh

## See Also

 2012 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 21 Followed byProblem 23 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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