2012 USAJMO Problems/Problem 5
Problem
For distinct positive integers , , define to be the number of integers with such that the remainder when divided by 2012 is greater than that of divided by 2012. Let be the minimum value of , where and range over all pairs of distinct positive integers less than 2012. Determine .
Solution
The key insight in this problemo is noticing that when ak is higher then bk, a(2012-k) is lower than b(2012-k), except at 2(mod 4) residues*. Also, they must be equal quite a lot. 2012=2^2*503. We should have multiples of 503. After trying all three pairs and getting 503 as our answer, we win. But look at the 2(mod 4) idea. What if we just took 2 and plugged it in. with 1006. We get 502.
--Va2010 11:12, 28 April 2012 (EDT)va2010
Alternate, formal argument
Say that the problem is a race track with 2012 spots. To intersect the most, we should get next to each other a lot so the negation is high. As 2012=2^2*503, we intersect at a lot of multiples of 503.
See also
2012 USAJMO (Problems • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 4 |
Followed by Problem 6 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 | ||
All USAJMO Problems and Solutions |