2013 AIME II Problems/Problem 10

Revision as of 20:35, 4 June 2020 by Kev1 (talk | contribs) (Solution 1)

Problem 10

Given a circle of radius $\sqrt{13}$, let $A$ be a point at a distance $4 + \sqrt{13}$ from the center $O$ of the circle. Let $B$ be the point on the circle nearest to point $A$. A line passing through the point $A$ intersects the circle at points $K$ and $L$. The maximum possible area for $\triangle BKL$ can be written in the form $\frac{a - b\sqrt{c}}{d}$, where $a$, $b$, $c$, and $d$ are positive integers, $a$ and $d$ are relatively prime, and $c$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $a+b+c+d$.

Solution 1

[asy] import math; import olympiad; import graph; pair A, B, K, L; B = (sqrt(13), 0); A=(4+sqrt(13), 0); dot(B); dot(A);  draw(Circle((0,0), sqrt(13))); label("$O$", (0,0), S);label("$B$", B, SW);label("$A$", A, S); dot((0,0));    [/asy]

Draw $OC$ perpendicular to $KL$ at $C$. Draw $BD$ perpendicular to $KL$ at $D$.

\[\frac{\triangle OKL}{\triangle BKL} = \frac{OC}{BD} = \frac{AO}{AB} = \frac{4+\sqrt{13}}{4}\]

Therefore, to maximize area of $\triangle BKL$, we need to maximize area of $\triangle OKL$.

\[\triangle OKL = \frac12 r^2 \sin{\angle KOL}\]

So when area of $\triangle OKL$ is maximized, $\angle KOL = \frac{\pi}{2}$.

Eventually, we get \[\triangle BKL=  \frac12 \cdot (\sqrt{13}^2)\cdot(\frac{4}{4+\sqrt{13}})=\frac{104-26\sqrt{13}}{3}\]

So the answer is $104+26+13+3=\boxed{146}$.

See Also


2013 AIME II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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