Difference between revisions of "2013 AIME I Problems/Problem 12"
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== Problem 12 == | == Problem 12 == | ||
− | Let <math>\bigtriangleup PQR</math> be a triangle with <math>\angle P = 75^ | + | Let <math>\bigtriangleup PQR</math> be a triangle with <math>\angle P = 75^\circ</math> and <math>\angle Q = 60^\circ</math>. A regular hexagon <math>ABCDEF</math> with side length 1 is drawn inside <math>\triangle PQR</math> so that side <math>\overline{AB}</math> lies on <math>\overline{PQ}</math>, side <math>\overline{CD}</math> lies on <math>\overline{QR}</math>, and one of the remaining vertices lies on <math>\overline{RP}</math>. There are positive integers <math>a, b, c, </math> and <math>d</math> such that the area of <math>\triangle PQR</math> can be expressed in the form <math>\frac{a+b\sqrt{c}}{d}</math>, where <math>a</math> and <math>d</math> are relatively prime, and c is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find <math>a+b+c+d</math>. |
== Solution == | == Solution == | ||
− | ( | + | First, find that <math>\angle R = 45^\circ</math>. |
+ | Draw <math>ABCDEF</math>. Now draw <math>\bigtriangleup PQR</math> around <math>ABCDEF</math> such that <math>Q</math> is adjacent to <math>C</math> and <math>D</math>. The height of <math>ABCDEF</math> is <math>\sqrt{3}</math>, so the length of base <math>QR</math> is <math>2+\sqrt{3}</math>. Let the equation of <math>\overline{RP}</math> be <math>y = x</math>. Then, the equation of <math>\overline{PQ}</math> is <math>y = -\sqrt{3} (x - (2+\sqrt{3})) \to y = -x\sqrt{3} + 2\sqrt{3} + 3</math>. Solving the two equations gives <math>y = x = \frac{\sqrt{3} + 3}{2}</math>. The area of <math>\bigtriangleup PQR is </math>(2 + \sqrt{3}) * \frac{\sqrt{3} + 3}{2} = \frac{5\sqrt{3} + 9}{2}<math>. </math>a + b + c + d = 9 + 5 + 3 + 2 = 19$ | ||
== See also == | == See also == | ||
{{AIME box|year=2013|n=I|num-b=11|num-a=13}} | {{AIME box|year=2013|n=I|num-b=11|num-a=13}} |
Revision as of 23:19, 17 March 2013
Problem 12
Let be a triangle with and . A regular hexagon with side length 1 is drawn inside so that side lies on , side lies on , and one of the remaining vertices lies on . There are positive integers and such that the area of can be expressed in the form , where and are relatively prime, and c is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find .
Solution
First, find that . Draw . Now draw around such that is adjacent to and . The height of is , so the length of base is . Let the equation of be . Then, the equation of is . Solving the two equations gives . The area of (2 + \sqrt{3}) * \frac{\sqrt{3} + 3}{2} = \frac{5\sqrt{3} + 9}{2}a + b + c + d = 9 + 5 + 3 + 2 = 19$
See also
2013 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 11 |
Followed by Problem 13 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |