# Difference between revisions of "2013 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 25"

## Problem

All 20 diagonals are drawn in a regular octagon. At how many distinct points in the interior of the octagon (not on the boundary) do two or more diagonals intersect?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 49\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 65\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 70\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 96\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 128$

## Solution 1 (drawing)

If you draw a good diagram like the one below, it is easy to see that there are $\boxed{\textbf{(A) }49}$, points.

$[asy] size(14cm); pathpen = white + 1.337; // Initialize octagon pair[] A; for (int i=0; i<8; ++i) { A[i] = dir(45*i); } D(CR( (0,0), 1)); // Draw diagonals // choose pen colors pen[] colors; colors[1] = orange + 1.337; colors[2] = blue; colors[3] = green; colors[4] = black; for (int d=1; d<=4; ++d) { pathpen = colors[d]; for (int j=0; j<8; ++j) { D(A[j]--A[(j+d) % 8]); } } pathpen = red + 2; // Draw all the intersections pointpen = red + 7; for (int x1=0; x1<8; ++x1) { for (int x2=x1+1; x2<8; ++x2) { for (int x3=x2+1; x3<8; ++x3) { for (int x4=x3+1; x4<8; ++x4) { D(IP(A[x1]--A[x2], A[x3]--A[x4])); D(IP(A[x1]--A[x3], A[x4]--A[x2])); D(IP(A[x1]--A[x4], A[x2]--A[x3])); } } } }[/asy]$

## Solution 2 (elimination)

Let the number of intersections be $x$. We know that $x\le \dbinom{8}{4} = 70$, as every 4 points forms a quadrilateral with intersecting diagonals. However, four diagonals intersect in the center, so we need to subtract $\dbinom{4}{2} -1 = 5$ from this count. $70-5 = 65$. One might be tempted to choose 65 at this point, but one then sees that diagonals like AD, CG, and BE all intersect at the same point. There are $8$ of this type with three diagonals intersecting at the same point. We need to subtract $2$ of the $\dbinom{3}{2}$ (one is kept as the actual intersection), so we get $65 - 16 = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }49}$