2013 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 21

Revision as of 14:04, 3 July 2013 by Rrusczyk (talk | contribs) (See also)

Problem

Consider the set of 30 parabolas defined as follows: all parabolas have as focus the point (0,0) and the directrix lines have the form $y=ax+b$ with a and b integers such that $a\in \{-2,-1,0,1,2\}$ and $b\in \{-3,-2,-1,1,2,3\}$. No three of these parabolas have a common point. How many points in the plane are on two of these parabolas?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 720\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 760\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 810\qquad\textbf{(D}}\ 840\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 870$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

Solution

Being on two parabolae means having the same distance from the common focus and both directrices. In particular, you have to be on an angle bisector of the directrices, and clearly on the same "side" of the directrices as the focus. So it's easy to see there are at most two solutions per pair of parabolae. Convexity and continuity imply exactly two solutions unless the directrices are parallel and on the same side of the focus.

So out of $2\dbinom{30}{2}$ possible intersection points, only $2*5*2*\dbinom{3}{2}$ fail to exist. This leaves $870-60=810=\boxed{\textbf{(C)} \ 810}$ solutions.

See also

2013 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 20
Followed by
Problem 22
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS