2013 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 10

Revision as of 19:44, 27 November 2013 by Fadebekun (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem

What is the ratio of the least common multiple of 180 and 594 to the greatest common factor of 180 and 594?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 110 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 165 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 330 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 625 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 660$

Solution 1

This is very easy. To find the LCM of 180 and 594, first find the prime factorization of both.

The prime factorization of $180 = 3^2 \times  5 \times 2^2$

The prime factorization of $594 = 3^3 \times  11 \times 2$

Then, find the greatest power of all the numbers there are; if one number is one but not the other, use it (this is $3^3, 5, 11, 2^2$). Multiply all of these to get 5940.

For the GCF of 180 and 594, use the least power of all of the numbers THAT ARE IN BOTH and multiply. $3^2 \times 2$ = 18.

Thus the answer = $\frac{5940}{18}$ = $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 330}$

Similar Solution

We start off with a similar approach as the original solution. From the prime factorizations, the GCF is $18$.

It is a well known fact that $\gcd(m,n)\times \operatorname{lcm}(m,n)=|mn|$. So we have, $18\times \operatorname{lcm} (180,594)=594\times 180$.

Dividing by $18$ yields $\operatorname{lcm} (180,594)=594\times 10=5940$.


Therefore, $\dfrac{\operatorname{lcm} (180,594)}{\gcd(180,594)}=\dfrac{5940}{18}=\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 330}$.

See Also

2013 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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