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Difference between revisions of "2014 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 14"

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Note that if the <math>y</math>-intercepts have a sum of <math>0</math>, the distance from the origin to each of the intercepts must be the same. Call this distance <math>a</math>. Since the <math>\angle PAQ = 90^\circ</math>, the length of the median to the midpoint of the hypotenuse is equal to half the length of the hypotenuse. Since the median's length is <math>\sqrt{6^2+8^2} = 10</math>, this means <math>a=10</math>, and the length of the hypotenuse is <math>2a = 20</math>. Since the <math>x</math>-coordinate of <math>A</math> is the same as the altitude to the hypotenuse, <math>[APQ] = \dfrac{20 \cdot 6}{2} = \boxed{\textbf{(D)} \: 60}</math>.
 
Note that if the <math>y</math>-intercepts have a sum of <math>0</math>, the distance from the origin to each of the intercepts must be the same. Call this distance <math>a</math>. Since the <math>\angle PAQ = 90^\circ</math>, the length of the median to the midpoint of the hypotenuse is equal to half the length of the hypotenuse. Since the median's length is <math>\sqrt{6^2+8^2} = 10</math>, this means <math>a=10</math>, and the length of the hypotenuse is <math>2a = 20</math>. Since the <math>x</math>-coordinate of <math>A</math> is the same as the altitude to the hypotenuse, <math>[APQ] = \dfrac{20 \cdot 6}{2} = \boxed{\textbf{(D)} \: 60}</math>.
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This elegant solution is presented to you by happiface.
  
 
==Solution 2==
 
==Solution 2==

Revision as of 01:30, 16 May 2014

Problem

The $y$-intercepts, $P$ and $Q$, of two perpendicular lines intersecting at the point $A(6,8)$ have a sum of zero. What is the area of $\triangle APQ$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 45\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 48\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 54\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 60\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 72$

Solution 1

[asy]//Needs refining (hmm I think it's fine --bestwillcui1) size(12cm); fill((0,10)--(6,8)--(0,-10)--cycle,rgb(.7,.7,.7)); for(int i=-2;i<=8;i+=1)   draw((i,-12)--(i,12),grey); for(int j=-12;j<=12;j+=1)   draw((-2,j)--(8,j),grey); draw((-3,0)--(9,0),linewidth(1),Arrows); //x-axis draw((0,-13)--(0,13),linewidth(1),Arrows); //y-axis dot((0,0)); dot((6,8)); draw((-2,10.66667)--(8,7.33333),Arrows); draw((7.33333,12)--(-0.66667,-12),Arrows); draw((6,8)--(0,8)); draw((6,8)--(0,0)); draw(rightanglemark((0,10),(6,8),(0,-10),20)); label("$A$",(6,8),NE); label("$a$", (0,5),W); label("$a$",(0,-5),W); label("$a$",(3,4),NW); // wanted to import graph and use xaxis/yaxis but w/e label("$x$",(9,0),E); label("$y$",(0,13),N); [/asy] Note that if the $y$-intercepts have a sum of $0$, the distance from the origin to each of the intercepts must be the same. Call this distance $a$. Since the $\angle PAQ = 90^\circ$, the length of the median to the midpoint of the hypotenuse is equal to half the length of the hypotenuse. Since the median's length is $\sqrt{6^2+8^2} = 10$, this means $a=10$, and the length of the hypotenuse is $2a = 20$. Since the $x$-coordinate of $A$ is the same as the altitude to the hypotenuse, $[APQ] = \dfrac{20 \cdot 6}{2} = \boxed{\textbf{(D)} \: 60}$.

This elegant solution is presented to you by happiface.

Solution 2

We can let the two lines be \[y=mx+b\] \[y=-\frac{1}{m}x-b\] This is because the lines are perpendicular, hence the $m$ and $-\frac{1}{m}$, and the sum of the y-intercepts is equal to 0, hence the $b, -b$.

Since both lines contain the point $(6,8)$, we can plug this into the two equations to obtain \[8=6m+b\] and \[8=-6\frac{1}{m}-b\]

Adding the two equations gives \[16=6m+\frac{-6}{m}\] Multiplying by $m$ gives \[16m=6m^2-6\] \[\implies 6m^2-16m-6=0\] \[\implies 3m^2-8m-3=0\] Factoring gives \[(3m+1)(m-3)=0\]

We can just let $m=3$, since the two values of $m$ do not affect our solution - one is the slope of one line and the other is the slope of the other line.

Plugging $m=3$ into one of our original equations, we obtain \[8=6(3)+b\] \[\implies b=8-6(3)=-10\]

Since $\bigtriangleup APQ$ has hypotenuse $2|b|=20$ and the altutude to the hypotenuse is equal to the the x-coordinate of point $A$, or 6, the area of $\bigtriangleup APQ$ is equal to \[\frac{20\cdot6}{2}=\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 60}\]

See Also

2014 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 13
Followed by
Problem 15
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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