Difference between revisions of "2014 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 16"
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Let the other two vertices of the kite be <math>I</math> and <math>J</math> with <math>I</math> closer to <math>AD</math> than <math>J</math>. This gives us <math>a=IJ</math>. Now let <math>D=(0,0)</math>. We thus find that the equation of <math>\overleftrightarrow{AF}</math> is <math>4x+y=2</math> and that of <math>\overleftrightarrow{DH}</math> is <math>2x-y=0</math>. Solving this system gives us <math>x=\dfrac{1}{3}</math>, so the <math>x</math>-coordinate of <math>I</math> is <math>\dfrac{1}{3}</math>; in other words, <math>I</math> is <math>\dfrac{1}{3}</math> from <math>\overline{AD}</math>. By symmetry, <math>J</math> is also the same distance from <math>\overline{BC}</math>, so as <math>CD=1</math> we have <math>a=IJ=1-\dfrac{1}{3}-\dfrac{1}{3}=\dfrac{1}{3}</math>. Hence the area of the kite is <math>\dfrac{ab}{2}=\dfrac{\frac{1}{3}\cdot1}{2}=\dfrac{1}{6}\implies\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ \dfrac{1}{6}}</math>. | Let the other two vertices of the kite be <math>I</math> and <math>J</math> with <math>I</math> closer to <math>AD</math> than <math>J</math>. This gives us <math>a=IJ</math>. Now let <math>D=(0,0)</math>. We thus find that the equation of <math>\overleftrightarrow{AF}</math> is <math>4x+y=2</math> and that of <math>\overleftrightarrow{DH}</math> is <math>2x-y=0</math>. Solving this system gives us <math>x=\dfrac{1}{3}</math>, so the <math>x</math>-coordinate of <math>I</math> is <math>\dfrac{1}{3}</math>; in other words, <math>I</math> is <math>\dfrac{1}{3}</math> from <math>\overline{AD}</math>. By symmetry, <math>J</math> is also the same distance from <math>\overline{BC}</math>, so as <math>CD=1</math> we have <math>a=IJ=1-\dfrac{1}{3}-\dfrac{1}{3}=\dfrac{1}{3}</math>. Hence the area of the kite is <math>\dfrac{ab}{2}=\dfrac{\frac{1}{3}\cdot1}{2}=\dfrac{1}{6}\implies\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ \dfrac{1}{6}}</math>. | ||
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+ | ===Solution 2=== | ||
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+ | Let the area of the shaded region be <math>x</math>. Let the other two vertices of the kite be <math>I</math> and <math>J</math> with <math>I</math> closer to <math>AD</math> than <math>J</math>. Note that <math> [ABCD] = [ABF] + [DCH] - x + [ADI] + [BCJ]</math>. The area of <math>ABF</math> is <math>1</math> and the area of <math>DCH</math> is <math>\dfrac{1}{2}</math>. We will solve for the areas of <math>ADI</math> and <math>BCJ</math> in terms of x by noting that the area of each triangle is the length of the perpendicular from <math>I</math> to <math>AD</math> and <math>J</math> to <math>BC</math> respectively. Because the area of <math>x</math> = <math>\dfrac{1}{2}* IJ</math> based on the area of a kite formula, <math>\dfrac{ab}{2}</math> for diagonals of length <math>a</math> and <math>b</math>, <math>IJ = 2x</math>. So each perpendicular is length <math>\dfrac{1-2x}{2}</math>. So taking our numbers and plugging them into <math> [ABCD] =[ABF] + [DCH] - x + [ADI] + [BCJ]</math> gives us <math>2 = \dfrac{5}{2} - 3x</math> Solving this equation for <math>x</math> gives us $ x = {\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{6}} | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== |
Revision as of 21:47, 7 February 2014
Problem
In rectangle , , , and points , , and are midpoints of , , and , respectively. Point is the midpoint of . What is the area of the shaded region?
Solution
Solution 1
Note that the region is a kite; hence its diagonals are perpendicular and it has area for diagonals of length and . Since as both and are midpoints of parallel sides of rectangle and , we let . Now all we need to do is to find .
Let the other two vertices of the kite be and with closer to than . This gives us . Now let . We thus find that the equation of is and that of is . Solving this system gives us , so the -coordinate of is ; in other words, is from . By symmetry, is also the same distance from , so as we have . Hence the area of the kite is .
Solution 2
Let the area of the shaded region be . Let the other two vertices of the kite be and with closer to than . Note that . The area of is and the area of is . We will solve for the areas of and in terms of x by noting that the area of each triangle is the length of the perpendicular from to and to respectively. Because the area of = based on the area of a kite formula, for diagonals of length and , . So each perpendicular is length . So taking our numbers and plugging them into gives us Solving this equation for gives us $ x = {\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{6}}
See Also
2014 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 15 |
Followed by Problem 17 | |
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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