Difference between revisions of "2014 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 21"
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<math> \textbf{(A)}\ {-20}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ {-18}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ {-15}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ {-12}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ {-8} </math> | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ {-20}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ {-18}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ {-15}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ {-12}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ {-8} </math> | ||
− | ==Solution== | + | ==Solution 1== |
Note that when <math>y=0</math>, the <math>x</math> values of the equations should be equal by the problem statement. We have that | Note that when <math>y=0</math>, the <math>x</math> values of the equations should be equal by the problem statement. We have that | ||
<cmath>0 = ax + 5 \implies x = -\dfrac{5}{a}</cmath> <cmath>0 = 3x+b \implies x= -\dfrac{b}{3}</cmath> | <cmath>0 = ax + 5 \implies x = -\dfrac{5}{a}</cmath> <cmath>0 = 3x+b \implies x= -\dfrac{b}{3}</cmath> | ||
Which means that <cmath>-\dfrac{5}{a} = -\dfrac{b}{3} \implies ab = 15</cmath> | Which means that <cmath>-\dfrac{5}{a} = -\dfrac{b}{3} \implies ab = 15</cmath> | ||
The only possible pairs <math>(a,b)</math> then are <math>(a,b) = (1,15), (3,5), (5,3), (15, 1)</math>. These pairs give respective <math>x</math>-values of <math>-5, -\dfrac{5}{3}, -1, -\dfrac{1}{3}</math> which have a sum of <math>\boxed{\textbf{(E)} \: -8}</math>. | The only possible pairs <math>(a,b)</math> then are <math>(a,b) = (1,15), (3,5), (5,3), (15, 1)</math>. These pairs give respective <math>x</math>-values of <math>-5, -\dfrac{5}{3}, -1, -\dfrac{1}{3}</math> which have a sum of <math>\boxed{\textbf{(E)} \: -8}</math>. | ||
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+ | ==Solution 2== | ||
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+ | First, notice that the value of x cannot exceed 5 because the minimum value for a is 1. Also, notice that for the second equation, it intersects x at <math> 0, -\dfrac{1}{3}, -\dfrac{2}{3}, -1</math> and so on. We then realize that the only integer values for x are <math> -1</math> and <math>-5</math>. We also see that for a fraction to be the value of x, the numerator must divide 5 evenly. So, the only other values are <math>-\dfrac{5}{3}</math> and <math>-\dfrac{1}{3}</math>. Adding, we get <math>\boxed{\textbf{(E)} \: -8}</math>. | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== |
Revision as of 22:21, 6 April 2018
Contents
Problem
Positive integers and are such that the graphs of and intersect the -axis at the same point. What is the sum of all possible -coordinates of these points of intersection?
Solution 1
Note that when , the values of the equations should be equal by the problem statement. We have that Which means that The only possible pairs then are . These pairs give respective -values of which have a sum of .
Solution 2
First, notice that the value of x cannot exceed 5 because the minimum value for a is 1. Also, notice that for the second equation, it intersects x at and so on. We then realize that the only integer values for x are and . We also see that for a fraction to be the value of x, the numerator must divide 5 evenly. So, the only other values are and . Adding, we get .
See Also
2014 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 20 |
Followed by Problem 22 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.