Difference between revisions of "2014 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 21"
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<math>\textbf{(A) }1\qquad\textbf{(B) }2\qquad\textbf{(C) }3\qquad\textbf{(D) }5\qquad \textbf{(E) }8</math> | <math>\textbf{(A) }1\qquad\textbf{(B) }2\qquad\textbf{(C) }3\qquad\textbf{(D) }5\qquad \textbf{(E) }8</math> | ||
==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||
− | The sum of a number's digits <math>\mod{3}</math> is congruent to the number <math>\pmod{3}</math>. <math>74A52B1 \mod{3}</math> must be congruent to 0, since it is divisible by 3. Therefore, <math>7+4+A+5+2+B+1 \mod{3}</math> is also congruent to 0. <math>7+4+5+2+1 \equiv 1 \pmod{3}</math>, so <math>A+B\equiv 2 \pmod{3}</math>. As we know, <math>326AB4C\equiv 0 \pmod{3}</math>, so <math>3+2+6+A+B+4+C =15+A+B+C\equiv 0 \pmod{3}</math>, and therefore <math>A+B+C\equiv 0 \pmod{3}</math>. We can substitute 2 for <math>A+B</math>, so <math>2+C\equiv 0 \pmod{3}</math>, and therefore <math>C\equiv 1\pmod{3}</math>. This means that C can be 1, 4, or 7, but the only one of those that is an answer choice is <math>\textbf{(A) }1</math>. | + | The sum of a number's digits <math>\mod{3}</math> is congruent to the number <math>\pmod{3}</math>. <math>74A52B1 \mod{3}</math> must be congruent to 0, since it is divisible by 3. Therefore, <math>7+4+A+5+2+B+1 \mod{3}</math> is also congruent to 0. <math>7+4+5+2+1 \equiv 1 \pmod{3}</math>, so <math>A+B\equiv 2 \pmod{3}</math>. As we know, <math>326AB4C\equiv 0 \pmod{3}</math>, so <math>3+2+6+A+B+4+C =15+A+B+C\equiv 0 \pmod{3}</math>, and therefore <math>A+B+C\equiv 0 \pmod{3}</math>. We can substitute 2 for <math>A+B</math>, so <math>2+C\equiv 0 \pmod{3}</math>, and therefore <math>C\equiv 1\pmod{3}</math>. This means that C can be 1, 4, or 7, but the only one of those that is an answer choice is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(A) }1}</math>. |
==See Also== | ==See Also== | ||
{{AMC8 box|year=2014|num-b=20|num-a=22}} | {{AMC8 box|year=2014|num-b=20|num-a=22}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 15:27, 18 March 2018
Problem
The -digit numbers and are each multiples of . Which of the following could be the value of ?
Solution
The sum of a number's digits is congruent to the number . must be congruent to 0, since it is divisible by 3. Therefore, is also congruent to 0. , so . As we know, , so , and therefore . We can substitute 2 for , so , and therefore . This means that C can be 1, 4, or 7, but the only one of those that is an answer choice is .
See Also
2014 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 20 |
Followed by Problem 22 | |
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions |
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