Difference between revisions of "2014 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 24"

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==Solution==
 
==Solution==
In order to maximize the median, we need to make the first half of the numbers as small as possible. Since there are <math>100</math> people, the median will be the average of the <math>50\text{th}</math> and <math>51\text{st}</math> largest amount of cans per person. To minimize the first 49, they would each have one can. Subtracting these <math>49</math> cans from the <math>252</math> cans gives us <math>203</math> cans left to divide among <math>51</math> people. Taking <math>\frac{203}{51}</math> gives us <math>3</math> and a remainder of <math>50</math>. Seeing this, the largest number of cans the <math>50th</math> person could have is <math>3</math>, which leaves <math>4</math> to the rest of the people. The average of <math>3</math> and <math>4</math> is <math>3.5</math>. Thus our answer is <math>\boxed{\text{(C) }3.5}</math>.
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In order to maximize the median, we need to make the first half of the numbers as small as possible. Since there are <math>100</math> people, the median will be the average of the <math>50\text{th}</math> and <math>51\text{st}</math> largest amount of cans per person. To minimize the first <math>49</math>, they would each have one can. Subtracting these <math>49</math> cans from the <math>252</math> cans gives us <math>203</math> cans left to divide among <math>51</math> people. Taking <math>\frac{203}{51}</math> gives us <math>3</math> and a remainder of <math>50</math>. Seeing this, the largest number of cans the <math>50th</math> person could have is <math>3</math>, which leaves <math>4</math> to the rest of the people. The average of <math>3</math> and <math>4</math> is <math>3.5</math>. Thus our answer is <math>\boxed{\text{(C) }3.5}</math>.
  
 
==Also See==
 
==Also See==
 
{{AMC8 box|year=2014|num-b=23|num-a=25}}
 
{{AMC8 box|year=2014|num-b=23|num-a=25}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 10:34, 10 November 2019

Problem

One day the Beverage Barn sold $252$ cans of soda to $100$ customers, and every customer bought at least one can of soda. What is the maximum possible median number of cans of soda bought per customer on that day?

$\textbf{(A) }2.5\qquad\textbf{(B) }3.0\qquad\textbf{(C) }3.5\qquad\textbf{(D) }4.0\qquad \textbf{(E) }4.5$

Solution

In order to maximize the median, we need to make the first half of the numbers as small as possible. Since there are $100$ people, the median will be the average of the $50\text{th}$ and $51\text{st}$ largest amount of cans per person. To minimize the first $49$, they would each have one can. Subtracting these $49$ cans from the $252$ cans gives us $203$ cans left to divide among $51$ people. Taking $\frac{203}{51}$ gives us $3$ and a remainder of $50$. Seeing this, the largest number of cans the $50th$ person could have is $3$, which leaves $4$ to the rest of the people. The average of $3$ and $4$ is $3.5$. Thus our answer is $\boxed{\text{(C) }3.5}$.

Also See

2014 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 23
Followed by
Problem 25
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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