Difference between revisions of "2015 AIME II Problems/Problem 2"
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In a new school <math>40</math> percent of the students are freshmen, <math>30</math> percent are sophomores, <math>20</math> percent are juniors, and <math>10</math> percent are seniors. All freshmen are required to take Latin, and <math>80</math> percent of the sophomores, <math>50</math> percent of the juniors, and <math>20</math> percent of the seniors elect to take Latin. The probability that a randomly chosen Latin student is a sophomore is <math>\frac{m}{n}</math>, where <math>m</math> and <math>n</math> are relatively prime positive integers. Find <math>m+n</math>. | In a new school <math>40</math> percent of the students are freshmen, <math>30</math> percent are sophomores, <math>20</math> percent are juniors, and <math>10</math> percent are seniors. All freshmen are required to take Latin, and <math>80</math> percent of the sophomores, <math>50</math> percent of the juniors, and <math>20</math> percent of the seniors elect to take Latin. The probability that a randomly chosen Latin student is a sophomore is <math>\frac{m}{n}</math>, where <math>m</math> and <math>n</math> are relatively prime positive integers. Find <math>m+n</math>. | ||
− | ==Solution== | + | ==Solution 1== |
We see that <math>40\% \cdot 100\% + 30\% \cdot 80\% + 20\% \cdot 50\% + 10\% \cdot 20\% = 76\%</math> of students are learning Latin. In addition, <math>30\% \cdot 80\% = 24\%</math> of students are sophomores learning Latin. Thus, our desired probability is <math>\dfrac{24}{76}=\dfrac{6}{19}</math> and our answer is <math>6+19=\boxed{025}</math> | We see that <math>40\% \cdot 100\% + 30\% \cdot 80\% + 20\% \cdot 50\% + 10\% \cdot 20\% = 76\%</math> of students are learning Latin. In addition, <math>30\% \cdot 80\% = 24\%</math> of students are sophomores learning Latin. Thus, our desired probability is <math>\dfrac{24}{76}=\dfrac{6}{19}</math> and our answer is <math>6+19=\boxed{025}</math> | ||
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+ | ==Solution 2== | ||
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+ | Assume that there are 100 students in the school. There are 40 freshman taking Latin, 24 sophomores taking Latin, 10 juniors taking Latin, and 2 seniors taking Latin. We get the probability to be the number of sophomores taking Latin over the total number of students taking Latin, or <math>\dfrac{24}{76}</math>. Simplifying, we get <math>\dfrac{6}{19}</math>. Adding, we get <math>\boxed{025}</math> | ||
== See also == | == See also == | ||
{{AIME box|year=2015|n=II|num-b=1|num-a=3}} | {{AIME box|year=2015|n=II|num-b=1|num-a=3}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Latest revision as of 13:48, 17 March 2018
Contents
Problem
In a new school percent of the students are freshmen, percent are sophomores, percent are juniors, and percent are seniors. All freshmen are required to take Latin, and percent of the sophomores, percent of the juniors, and percent of the seniors elect to take Latin. The probability that a randomly chosen Latin student is a sophomore is , where and are relatively prime positive integers. Find .
Solution 1
We see that of students are learning Latin. In addition, of students are sophomores learning Latin. Thus, our desired probability is and our answer is
Solution 2
Assume that there are 100 students in the school. There are 40 freshman taking Latin, 24 sophomores taking Latin, 10 juniors taking Latin, and 2 seniors taking Latin. We get the probability to be the number of sophomores taking Latin over the total number of students taking Latin, or . Simplifying, we get . Adding, we get
See also
2015 AIME II (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 1 |
Followed by Problem 3 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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