Difference between revisions of "2015 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 19"

(Solution 2)
(Solution 2)
Line 55: Line 55:
 
==Solution 2==
 
==Solution 2==
  
 +
The center of the circle lies on the perpendicular bisectors of both chords <math>ZW</math> and <math>YX</math>. Therefore we know the center of the circle must also be the midpoint of the hypotenuse. Let this point be <math>O</math>. Draw perpendiculars to <math>ZW</math> and <math>YX</math> from <math>O</math>, and connect <math>OZ</math> and <math>OY</math>. <math>OY^2=6^2+12^2=180</math>. Let <math>AC=a</math> and <math>BC=b</math>. Then <math>\left(\dfrac{a}{2}\right)^2+\left(a+\dfrac{b}{2}\right)^2=OZ^2=OY^2=180</math>. Simplifying this gives <math>\dfrac{a^2}{4}+\dfrac{b^2}{4}+a^2+ab=180</math>. But by Pythagorean Theorem on <math>\triangle ABC</math>, we know <math>a^2+b^2=144</math>, because <math>AB=12</math>. Thus <math>\dfrac{a^2}{4}+\dfrac{b^2}{4}=\dfrac{144}{4}=36</math>. So our equation simplifies further to <math>a^2+ab=144</math>. However <math>a^2+b^2=144</math>, so <math>a^2+ab=a^2+b^2</math>, which means <math>ab=b^2</math>, or <math>a=b</math>. <i>Aha</i>! This means <math>\triangle ABC</math> is just an isosceles right triangle, so <math>AC=BC=\dfrac{12}{\sqrt{2}}=6\sqrt{2}</math>, and thus the perimeter is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 12+12\sqrt{2}}</math>.
 +
<asy>
 
  /* Geogebra to Asymptote conversion, documentation at artofproblemsolving.com/Wiki, go to User:Azjps/geogebra */
 
  /* Geogebra to Asymptote conversion, documentation at artofproblemsolving.com/Wiki, go to User:Azjps/geogebra */
 
import graph; size(11.5cm);  
 
import graph; size(11.5cm);  
Line 83: Line 85:
 
  /* dots and labels */
 
  /* dots and labels */
 
dot((3.46,0.96),dotstyle);  
 
dot((3.46,0.96),dotstyle);  
label("<math>A</math>", (3.2,1.06), NE * labelscalefactor);  
+
label("$A$", (3.2,1.06), NE * labelscalefactor);  
 
dot((3.44,-3.36),dotstyle);  
 
dot((3.44,-3.36),dotstyle);  
label("<math>C</math>", (3.14,-3.86), NE * labelscalefactor);  
+
label("$C$", (3.14,-3.86), NE * labelscalefactor);  
 
dot((8.02,-3.44),dotstyle);  
 
dot((8.02,-3.44),dotstyle);  
label("<math>B</math>", (8.06,-3.8), NE * labelscalefactor);  
+
label("$B$", (8.06,-3.8), NE * labelscalefactor);  
 
dot((-0.86,0.98),dotstyle);  
 
dot((-0.86,0.98),dotstyle);  
label("<math>Z</math>", (-1.34,1.12), NE * labelscalefactor);  
+
label("$Z$", (-1.34,1.12), NE * labelscalefactor);  
 
dot((-0.88,-3.34),dotstyle);  
 
dot((-0.88,-3.34),dotstyle);  
label("<math>W</math>", (-1.48,-3.54), NE * labelscalefactor);  
+
label("$W$", (-1.48,-3.54), NE * labelscalefactor);  
 
dot((12.42,1.12),dotstyle);  
 
dot((12.42,1.12),dotstyle);  
label("<math>X</math>", (12.5,1.24), NE * labelscalefactor);  
+
label("$X$", (12.5,1.24), NE * labelscalefactor);  
 
dot((7.86,5.52),dotstyle);  
 
dot((7.86,5.52),dotstyle);  
label("<math>Y</math>", (7.94,5.64), NE * labelscalefactor);  
+
label("$Y$", (7.94,5.64), NE * labelscalefactor);  
 
dot((5.74,-1.24),dotstyle);  
 
dot((5.74,-1.24),dotstyle);  
label("<math>O</math>", (5.52,-1.82), NE * labelscalefactor);  
+
label("$O$", (5.52,-1.82), NE * labelscalefactor);  
 
clip((xmin,ymin)--(xmin,ymax)--(xmax,ymax)--(xmax,ymin)--cycle);  
 
clip((xmin,ymin)--(xmin,ymax)--(xmax,ymax)--(xmax,ymin)--cycle);  
 
</asy>
 
</asy>

Revision as of 16:57, 4 May 2019

Problem

In $\triangle{ABC}$, $\angle{C} = 90^{\circ}$ and $AB = 12$. Squares $ABXY$ and $ACWZ$ are constructed outside of the triangle. The points $X, Y, Z$, and $W$ lie on a circle. What is the perimeter of the triangle?

$\textbf{(A) }12+9\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(B) }18+6\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(C) }12+12\sqrt{2}\qquad\textbf{(D) }30\qquad\textbf{(E) }32$

Solution 1

The center of the circle lies on the perpendicular bisectors of both chords $ZW$ and $YX$. Therefore we know the center of the circle must also be the midpoint of the hypotenuse. Let this point be $O$. Draw perpendiculars to $ZW$ and $YX$ from $O$, and connect $OZ$ and $OY$. $OY^2=6^2+12^2=180$. Let $AC=a$ and $BC=b$. Then $\left(\dfrac{a}{2}\right)^2+\left(a+\dfrac{b}{2}\right)^2=OZ^2=OY^2=180$. Simplifying this gives $\dfrac{a^2}{4}+\dfrac{b^2}{4}+a^2+ab=180$. But by Pythagorean Theorem on $\triangle ABC$, we know $a^2+b^2=144$, because $AB=12$. Thus $\dfrac{a^2}{4}+\dfrac{b^2}{4}=\dfrac{144}{4}=36$. So our equation simplifies further to $a^2+ab=144$. However $a^2+b^2=144$, so $a^2+ab=a^2+b^2$, which means $ab=b^2$, or $a=b$. Aha! This means $\triangle ABC$ is just an isosceles right triangle, so $AC=BC=\dfrac{12}{\sqrt{2}}=6\sqrt{2}$, and thus the perimeter is $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 12+12\sqrt{2}}$. [asy]   /* Geogebra to Asymptote conversion, documentation at artofproblemsolving.com/Wiki, go to User:Azjps/geogebra */ import graph; size(11.5cm);  real labelscalefactor = 0.5; /* changes label-to-point distance */ pen dps = linewidth(0.7) + fontsize(10); defaultpen(dps); /* default pen style */  pen dotstyle = black; /* point style */  real xmin = -4.3, xmax = 18.7, ymin = -5.26, ymax = 6.3;  /* image dimensions */   draw((3.46,0.96)--(3.44,-3.36)--(8.02,-3.44)--cycle);  draw((3.46,0.96)--(8.02,-3.44)--(12.42,1.12)--(7.86,5.52)--cycle);   /* draw figures */ draw((3.46,0.96)--(3.44,-3.36));  draw((3.44,-3.36)--(8.02,-3.44));  draw((8.02,-3.44)--(3.46,0.96));  draw((3.46,0.96)--(-0.86,0.98));  draw((-0.86,0.98)--(-0.88,-3.34));  draw((-0.88,-3.34)--(3.44,-3.36));  draw((3.46,0.96)--(8.02,-3.44));  draw((8.02,-3.44)--(12.42,1.12));  draw((12.42,1.12)--(7.86,5.52));  draw((7.86,5.52)--(3.46,0.96));  draw((5.74,-1.24)--(-0.86,0.98));  draw((5.74,-1.24)--(-0.87,-1.18), linetype("4 4"));  draw((5.74,-1.24)--(7.86,5.52));  draw((5.74,-1.24)--(10.14,3.32), linetype("4 4"));  draw(shift((5.82,-1.21))*xscale(6.99920709795045)*yscale(6.99920709795045)*arc((0,0),1,19.44457562540183,197.63600413408128), linetype("2 2"));   /* dots and labels */ dot((3.46,0.96),dotstyle);  label("$A$", (3.2,1.06), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((3.44,-3.36),dotstyle);  label("$C$", (3.14,-3.86), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((8.02,-3.44),dotstyle);  label("$B$", (8.06,-3.8), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((-0.86,0.98),dotstyle);  label("$Z$", (-1.34,1.12), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((-0.88,-3.34),dotstyle);  label("$W$", (-1.48,-3.54), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((12.42,1.12),dotstyle);  label("$X$", (12.5,1.24), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((7.86,5.52),dotstyle);  label("$Y$", (7.94,5.64), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((5.74,-1.24),dotstyle);  label("$O$", (5.52,-1.82), NE * labelscalefactor);  clip((xmin,ymin)--(xmin,ymax)--(xmax,ymax)--(xmax,ymin)--cycle);  [/asy]

Solution 2

The center of the circle lies on the perpendicular bisectors of both chords $ZW$ and $YX$. Therefore we know the center of the circle must also be the midpoint of the hypotenuse. Let this point be $O$. Draw perpendiculars to $ZW$ and $YX$ from $O$, and connect $OZ$ and $OY$. $OY^2=6^2+12^2=180$. Let $AC=a$ and $BC=b$. Then $\left(\dfrac{a}{2}\right)^2+\left(a+\dfrac{b}{2}\right)^2=OZ^2=OY^2=180$. Simplifying this gives $\dfrac{a^2}{4}+\dfrac{b^2}{4}+a^2+ab=180$. But by Pythagorean Theorem on $\triangle ABC$, we know $a^2+b^2=144$, because $AB=12$. Thus $\dfrac{a^2}{4}+\dfrac{b^2}{4}=\dfrac{144}{4}=36$. So our equation simplifies further to $a^2+ab=144$. However $a^2+b^2=144$, so $a^2+ab=a^2+b^2$, which means $ab=b^2$, or $a=b$. Aha! This means $\triangle ABC$ is just an isosceles right triangle, so $AC=BC=\dfrac{12}{\sqrt{2}}=6\sqrt{2}$, and thus the perimeter is $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 12+12\sqrt{2}}$. [asy]   /* Geogebra to Asymptote conversion, documentation at artofproblemsolving.com/Wiki, go to User:Azjps/geogebra */ import graph; size(11.5cm);  real labelscalefactor = 0.5; /* changes label-to-point distance */ pen dps = linewidth(0.7) + fontsize(10); defaultpen(dps); /* default pen style */  pen dotstyle = black; /* point style */  real xmin = -4.3, xmax = 18.7, ymin = -5.26, ymax = 6.3;  /* image dimensions */   draw((3.46,0.96)--(3.44,-3.36)--(8.02,-3.44)--cycle);  draw((3.46,0.96)--(8.02,-3.44)--(12.42,1.12)--(7.86,5.52)--cycle);   /* draw figures */ draw((3.46,0.96)--(3.44,-3.36));  draw((3.44,-3.36)--(8.02,-3.44));  draw((8.02,-3.44)--(3.46,0.96));  draw((3.46,0.96)--(-0.86,0.98));  draw((-0.86,0.98)--(-0.88,-3.34));  draw((-0.88,-3.34)--(3.44,-3.36));  draw((3.46,0.96)--(8.02,-3.44));  draw((8.02,-3.44)--(12.42,1.12));  draw((12.42,1.12)--(7.86,5.52));  draw((7.86,5.52)--(3.46,0.96));  draw((5.74,-1.24)--(-0.86,0.98));  draw((5.74,-1.24)--(-0.87,-1.18), linetype("4 4"));  draw((5.74,-1.24)--(7.86,5.52));  draw((5.74,-1.24)--(10.14,3.32), linetype("4 4"));  draw(shift((5.82,-1.21))*xscale(6.99920709795045)*yscale(6.99920709795045)*arc((0,0),1,19.44457562540183,197.63600413408128), linetype("2 2"));   /* dots and labels */ dot((3.46,0.96),dotstyle);  label("$A$", (3.2,1.06), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((3.44,-3.36),dotstyle);  label("$C$", (3.14,-3.86), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((8.02,-3.44),dotstyle);  label("$B$", (8.06,-3.8), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((-0.86,0.98),dotstyle);  label("$Z$", (-1.34,1.12), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((-0.88,-3.34),dotstyle);  label("$W$", (-1.48,-3.54), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((12.42,1.12),dotstyle);  label("$X$", (12.5,1.24), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((7.86,5.52),dotstyle);  label("$Y$", (7.94,5.64), NE * labelscalefactor);  dot((5.74,-1.24),dotstyle);  label("$O$", (5.52,-1.82), NE * labelscalefactor);  clip((xmin,ymin)--(xmin,ymax)--(xmax,ymax)--(xmax,ymin)--cycle);  [/asy]

See Also

2015 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

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