# Difference between revisions of "2015 AMC 12A Problems"

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What is the value of <math>(2^0-1+5^2-0)^{-1}\times5?</math> | What is the value of <math>(2^0-1+5^2-0)^{-1}\times5?</math> | ||

− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ -125\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ -120\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{5}{24}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 25</math> | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ -125\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ -120\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{5}{24}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 25 </math> |

[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 1|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 1|Solution]] | ||

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Two of the three sides of a triangle are 20 and 15. Which of the following numbers is not a possible perimeter of the triangle? | Two of the three sides of a triangle are 20 and 15. Which of the following numbers is not a possible perimeter of the triangle? | ||

− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 52\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 57\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 62\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 67\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 72</math> | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 52\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 57\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 62\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 67\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 72 </math> |

[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 2|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 2|Solution]] | ||

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Mr. Patrick teaches math to 15 students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded everyone's test except Payton's, the average grade for the class was 80. after he graded Payton's test, the class average became 81. What was Payton's score on the test? | Mr. Patrick teaches math to 15 students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded everyone's test except Payton's, the average grade for the class was 80. after he graded Payton's test, the class average became 81. What was Payton's score on the test? | ||

− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 81\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 85\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 91\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 94\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 95</math> | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 81\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 85\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 91\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 94\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 95 </math> |

[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 3|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 3|Solution]] | ||

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The sum of two positive numbers is 5 times their difference. What is the ratio of the larger number to the smaller? | The sum of two positive numbers is 5 times their difference. What is the ratio of the larger number to the smaller? | ||

− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ \frac54 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac32 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac95 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac52</math> | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ \frac54 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac32 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac95 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac52 </math> |

[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 4|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 4|Solution]] | ||

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\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \text{She rounds } a \text{ and } c \text{ up, and she rounds } b \text{ down.} \\ | \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \text{She rounds } a \text{ and } c \text{ up, and she rounds } b \text{ down.} \\ | ||

\qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \text{She rounds } a \text{ up, and she rounds } b \text{ and } c \text{ down.}\\ | \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \text{She rounds } a \text{ up, and she rounds } b \text{ and } c \text{ down.}\\ | ||

− | \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{She rounds } c \text{ up, and she rounds } a \text{ and } b \text{ down.}</math> | + | \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{She rounds } c \text{ up, and she rounds } a \text{ and } b \text{ down.} </math> |

[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 5|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 5|Solution]] | ||

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− | + | $ \textbf{(A)}\ \frac{286}{35} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{583}{70} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{715}{73} \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{143}{14} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1573}{146}$ | |

[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 25|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 25|Solution]] |

## Revision as of 23:43, 28 February 2015

## Contents

- 1 Problem 1
- 2 Problem 2
- 3 Problem 3
- 4 Problem 4
- 5 Problem 5
- 6 Problem 6
- 7 Problem 7
- 8 Problem 8
- 9 Problem 9
- 10 Problem 10
- 11 Problem 11
- 12 Problem 12
- 13 Problem 13
- 14 Problem 14
- 15 Problem 15
- 16 Problem 16
- 17 Problem 17
- 18 Problem 18
- 19 Problem 19
- 20 Problem 20
- 21 Problem 21
- 22 Problem 22
- 23 Problem 23
- 24 Problem 24
- 25 Problem 25
- 26 See also

## Problem 1

What is the value of

$\textbf{(A)}\ -125\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ -120\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{5}{24}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 25$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 2

Two of the three sides of a triangle are 20 and 15. Which of the following numbers is not a possible perimeter of the triangle?

## Problem 3

Mr. Patrick teaches math to 15 students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded everyone's test except Payton's, the average grade for the class was 80. after he graded Payton's test, the class average became 81. What was Payton's score on the test?

## Problem 4

The sum of two positive numbers is 5 times their difference. What is the ratio of the larger number to the smaller?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac54 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac32 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac95 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac52$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 5

Amelia needs to estimate the quantity , where and are large positive integers. She rounds each of the integers so that the calculation will be easier to do mentally. In which of these situations will her answer necessarily be greater than the exact value of ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \text{She rounds all three numbers up.}\\ \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \text{She rounds } a \text{ and } b \text{ up, and she rounds } c \text{ down.}\\ \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \text{She rounds } a \text{ and } c \text{ up, and she rounds } b \text{ down.} \\ \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \text{She rounds } a \text{ up, and she rounds } b \text{ and } c \text{ down.}\\ \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{She rounds } c \text{ up, and she rounds } a \text{ and } b \text{ down.}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 6

Two years ago Pete was three times as old as his cousin Claire. Two years before that, Pete was four times as old as Claire. In how many years will the ratio of their ages be ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 5 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 6 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 8$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 7

Two right circular cylinders have the same volume. The radius of the second cylinder is more than the radius of the first. What is the relationship between the heights of the two cylinders?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \text{The second height is } 10\% \text{ less than the first.} \\ \textbf{(B)}\ \text{The first height is } 10\% \text{ more than the second.}\\ \textbf{(C)}\ \text{The second height is } 21\% \text{ less than the first.} \\ \textbf{(D)}}\ \text{The first height is } 21\% \text{ more than the second.}\\ \textbf{(E)}\ \text{The second height is } 80\% \text{ of the first.}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 8

The ratio of the length to the width of a rectangle is : . If the rectangle has diagonal of length , then the area may be expressed as for some constant . What is ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac27 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac37 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{12}{25} \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{16}{26} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac34$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 9

A box contains 2 red marbles, 2 green marbles, and 2 yellow marbles. Carol takes 2 marbles from the box at random; then Claudia takes 2 of the remaining marbles at random; and then Cheryl takes the last 2 marbles. What is the probability that Cheryl gets 2 marbles of the same color?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{10} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac16 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac15 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac13 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac12$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 10

Integers and with satisfy . What is ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 8 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 10 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 15 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 18 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 26$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 11

On a sheet of paper, Isabella draws a circle of radius , a circle of radius , and all possible lines simultaneously tangent to both circles. Isabella notices that she has drawn exactly lines. How many different values of are possible?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 6$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 12

The parabolas and intersect the coordinate axes in exactly four points, and these four points are the vertices of a kite of area . What is ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 1.5\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 2.5\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 3$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 13

A league with 12 teams holds a round-robin tournament, with each team playing every other team exactly once. Games either end with one team victorious or else end in a draw. A team scores 2 points for every game it wins and 1 point for every game it draws. Which of the following is NOT a true statement about the list of 12 scores?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \text{There must be an even number of odd scores.}\\ \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \text{There must be an even number of even scores.}\\ \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \text{There cannot be two scores of }0\text{.}\\ \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \text{The sum of the scores must be at least }100\text{.}\\ \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{The highest score must be at least }12\text{.}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 14

What is the value of for which ?

## Problem 15

What is the minimum number of digits to the right of the decimal point needed to express the fraction as a decimal?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 22\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 26\qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 30\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 104$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 16

Tetrahedron has and . What is the volume of the tetrahedron?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 3\sqrt{2}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\sqrt{5}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{24}{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 3\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{24}{5}\sqrt{2}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 17

Eight people are sitting around a circular table, each holding a fair coin. All eight people flip their coins and those who flip heads stand while those who flip tails remain seated. What is the probability that no two adjacent people will stand?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{47}{256} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{3}{16} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{49}{256} \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{25}{128} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{51}{256}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 18

The zeros of the function are integers. What is the sum of the possible values of ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 7 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 16 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 17 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 18$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 19

For some positive integers , there is a quadrilateral with positive integer side lengths, perimeter , right angles at and , , and . How many different values of are possible?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 30 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 31 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 61 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 62 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 63$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 20

Isosceles triangles and are not congruent but have the same area and the same perimeter. The sides of have lengths of and , while those of have lengths of and . Which of the following numbers is closest to ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 3 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 5 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 6 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 8$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 21

A circle of radius passes through both foci of, and exactly four points on, the ellipse with equation . The set of all possible values of is an interval . What is ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 5\sqrt{2}+4 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \sqrt{17}+7 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6\sqrt{2}+3 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \sqrt{15}+8 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 12$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 22

For each positive integer , let be the number of sequences of length consisting solely of the letters and , with no more than three s in a row and no more than three s in a row. What is the remainder when is divided by 12?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 8 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 10$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 23

Let be a square of side length 1. Two points are chosen independently at random on the sides of . The probability that the straight-line distance between the points is at least is , where and are positive integers and . What is ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 59 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 60 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 61 \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 62 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 63$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 24

Rational numbers and are chosen at random among all rational numbers in the interval that can be written as fractions where and are integers with . What is the probability that is a real number?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{3}{5} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{4}{25} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{41}{200} \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{6}{25} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{13}{50}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

## Problem 25

A collection of circles in the upper half-plane, all tangent to the -axis, is constructed in layers as follows. Layer consists of two circles of radii and that are externally tangent. For , the circles in are ordered according to their points of tangency with the -axis. For every pair of consecutive circles in this order, a new circle is constructed externally tangent to each of the two circles in the pair. Layer consists of the circles constructed in this way. Let , and for every circle denote by its radius. What is

$ \textbf{(A)}\ \frac{286}{35} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{583}{70} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{715}{73} \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{143}{14} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1573}{146}$

## See also

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.